Class 2nd PUC English Textbook Solutions

TOO DEAR! – Class 2nd PUC English Textbook Solutions

CHAPTER: – 2 
TOPIC: – TOO DEAR!  
LEO TOLSTOY 

STORY ANALYSIS  

In  Too  Dear!  by  Leo  Tolstoy  we  have  the  theme  of governance,  justice,  morality  and  power.  Narrated  in  the third  person  by  an  unnamed  narrator  the  reader  realizes after  reading  the  story  that  Tolstoy  may  be  exploring  the theme of governance. Every time that the King encounters a problem  with  the  prisoner  he  calls  upon  his  Council  of State.  Who  in  turn  end  up  setting  up  committees  and  sub- committees  in  an  effort  to  resolve  the  issues  with  the prisoner.  This  may  be  important  as  Tolstoy  may  be suggesting that the King is unable to govern on his own and is relying on others to govern the Principality of Monaco. It is also noticeable that the most important thing to the King is  money.  He  won‟t  hang  the  prisoner  because  it  costs  too much  money.  Then  he  won‟t  have  a  soldier  guarding  the prisoner because again it costs too much money. Eventually Tolstoy borders  on the ridiculous  with the prisoner  leaving his  cell  each  day  and  going  into  the  palace  to  get  his  own food and then returning to his cell. Still this is too expensive for  the  King  and  he  offers  the  prisoner  a  pension.   If anything  money  overrules  the  law  as  far  as  the  King  is concerned.  It  is  cheaper  for  the  King  to  get  rid  of  the prisoner by way of pension than to kill him for the crime he committed (murder).  
It  is  also  noticeable  that  nobody  in  government  questions any  of  the  King‟s  decisions.  His  word  is  law  which  leaves the  reader  wondering  as  to  why  the  King  needs  a government at all. If he is not going to take the advice of his government ministers. All power is based around the King. If the King likes an idea and it is not going to cost him too much  money.  Then  that  is  the  way  the  King  will  go. Everything is driven by cost for the King regardless of what an  individual‟s  crime  might  be.  At  no  stage  in  the  story does the reader suspect that the King thinks any differently. He  has  been  presented  with  one  of  the  worst  crimes possible  and  has  decided  it  is  cheaper  to  pension  off  the prisoner. If anything the prisoner has been rewarded for his actions rather than being punished. Which  may  leave  some readers to suggest that what is happening is bizarre. Which may  be  the  point  that  Tolstoy  is  attempting  to  make.  He may be suggesting that the King (and his  ministers) are not fit to govern.
  It  may  also  be  a  case  that  Tolstoy  is  highlighting  the uniqueness of Monaco. Something that is noticeable by not only  the  treatment  of  the  prisoner  but  by  the  fact  that Monaco  is  the  only  place  in  Europe  that  has  gaming houses. It is the taxes from the gaming houses that pay for a  lot  of  the  King‟s  endeavors.  He  is  reliant  on  the  taxes from the gaming houses to keep Monaco (and himself too) afloat.  Morals  do  not  appear  to  be  an  issue  for  the  King. Unlike  in the rest of Europe  where  gaming  houses are not allowed  due  to  the  problem  that  they  can  create.  It  would appear that the most important thing for the King is not to abide  by  the  laws  of  Monaco  but  to  ensure  that  Monaco has  enough  money  to  allow  the  King  to  live  the  life  hewould like to. The King‟s main priority is himself and not his  subjects.  Which  may  suggest  to  some  that  the  King  is selfish  and  that  his  policies  are  driven  by  finances  rather than by fairness.  The  King  is  not  the  only  one  who  is  acting  selfish throughout  the  story.  All  his  ministers  rather  than questioning the King‟s rulings support the King completely. Most  likely  because  they  do  not  want  things  to  change  in Monaco. They in all probability are living comfortable lives as  ministers  to  the  King.  It  is  as  though  they  have  a  thirst for  power  which  blinds  them  morally.  They  do  after  all agree  with  the  King  giving  the  prisoner  a  pension.  Which though ridiculous is nonetheless acceptable in Monaco. Not one  minister   
SUMMARY 
 
 “Too  Dear!”  is  a  story  written  by  count  Leo  Tolstoy,  a famous  Russian  writer,  master  of  realistic  fiction  and  is widely considered one of the world‟s greatest novelists. The story “Too Dear!” is a parody of one of the modern systems of  governance. It ridicules the  ways  of punishing criminals and  dispensing  justice  in  modern  states.  The  story  is narrated in a matter-of fact-tone but with an undercurrent of sarcasm.  Leo  Tolstoy  satirizes  the  thirst  for  power, exercised by men of upper class, and how it affects society. In  addition,  it  also  raises  a  serious  question  on  capital punishment.  All  is  well  in  the  kingdom  of  Monaco  until  a man  commits  a  murder.  The  king  had  never  had  to  deal with  the  murder  until  the  man  was  sentenced  to  death.  He runs  into  considerable  trouble  trying  to  carry  out  the sentence. Monaco had neither guillotine nor an executioner, so they requested the government of France. France agreed to send the requirements for the sum of 16000 francs.   This  would  require  imposing  more  tax  on  people.  So  the king requested for help from the  king  of Italy  who agreed to provide the requirements at the cost of 12000 francs. As the  King  found  the  expenses  unaffordable,  the  death sentence  was  altered  to  imprisonment  for  life.  Life imprisonment  however presented  its  own set  of problems. There  needed  to  be  a  guard  to  watch  the  criminal  and provide him food. The costs came to be 600 francs, which would still require an increase of taxes. It was decided that the  guard  should  be  dismissed,  at  the  risk  of  losing  the prisoner.  The  prisoner  however  did  not  try  to  escape  and tackles  the  King  on  any  of  his  decisions.  As mentioned  the  King‟s  word  is  law  regardless  of  what  the courts  may  say.  To  an  outsider  the  King‟s  actions  are inappropriate  yet  nobody  in  Monaco  will  challenge  the King. If anything the real winner in the story is the prisoner. He  gets  to  leave  Monaco  and  return  when  his  pension  is due. With the money he receives he is able to set himself up in  business.  Yet  the  same  can‟t  be  said  for  the  person  that the  prisoner  killed  (or  their  family).  The  prisoner  has committed a crime and  evaded justice all because the  King of Monaco does not wish to spend the money on executing the prisoner or feeding him. It is easier and cheaper for the King to give the prisoner a pension even though he is guilty of  murder.  In  all  likelihood  the  King  because  of  the  cost involved in executing the prisoner is setting a precedent. continued  to  stay  in  the  prison.  It  was  then  agreed  to  pay an annuity of 600 francs by the government and he left the King‟s  domains.  In  the  concluding  paragraph  the  narrator comments that it is  good that the prisoner  did  not commit his crime in a country where they do not grudge expense to get a man‟s head off or to keep him in prison for life. The author seems to  question the  very  conviction  of the rulers and about the system of  law and  governance instituted by them.  The  author  seems  to  appreciate  the  courage  and open-mindedness  of  Monaco  and  acknowledging  their limitations  and  letting  the  prisoner  free  on  humanitarian grounds. It is worth noting that the writer puns on the title “Too Dear!” which means either too expensive, or of great value. The author leaves it to the reader to decide whether “Too Dear!” refers to executing the criminal or saving the criminal‟s life.

POINTS TO REMEMBER

1. Kingdom of Monaco – Near Borders of France and Italy.
2. Shore of Mediterranean Sea
3. 7,000 Inhabitants
4. Like small country town
5. TOY KINGDOM – REAL KINGLET –  Palace,  Courtiers,  Ministers,  Laws,  Courts  of  justice, Bishops, Generals. – Army consists of just 60 Men 
6. TAXES – Tobacco, Wine, Poll tax –  Monopoly  in  a  Gaming  House  –  Roulette  because  of  it Monaco Govt. rakes in money. –  Problem  –  Youngman  (Rascal)  commits  murder unprecedented event. 
7. DECISION – 1 – His Head cut off as law HITCH IN FOLLOWING –  Non  availability  of  Guillotine  and  executioner unaffordable – FrenchGovt – 16,000 francs, Italian Govt – 12,000 francs – Military men do not accept proposal of executing the man 
8. DECISION – 2 –  Life  imprisonment,  Hitch,  Jail,  Guard,  Food.  Result:  – Expenses – Above 600 Francs. 
 
9. DECISION – 3  – Dismisses guard and offers safe escape –  Murderer  is  offered  600  Francs  pension  for  life  time  to leave the king‟s domain for life time – Given ⅓ of annuity in advance – Murderer buys lands and starts market gardening 
10. TITLE Too Dear! Is justified because per capita income of Monaco is  2  Francs  expenditure  to  cope  up  with  murderer  (Rascal) comes up to 600 Francs per year for his remaining life.  

SHORT NOTES 

 1. The Kingdom of Monaco  The  kingdom  of  Monaco  was  near  the  borders  of  France and Italy, on the shore of the Mediterranean Sea. It had only seven thousand  inhabitants and a small army  of sixty  men. This  toy  kingdom  also  had  a  king,  a  palace,  courtiers, bishops,  generals  etc.  The  people  of  the  kingdom  of Monaco  had  to  pay  the  taxes  on  tobacco  and  wine.  The people  of  the  kingdom  were  peace  loving  and  there occurred no major crime in the kingdom.   The  king  found  that  he  fell  short  of  money  to  run  the kingdom  efficiently.  So,  he  opened  a  gaming  house  in  his kingdom;  where  roulette  was  played  by  the  people  of  the kingdom and even by those from the neighboring countries. Thus the king could get a share out of the profits earned in the gaming house.   But,  once  when  a  murder  happened,  the  murderer  was  put to trial and sentenced to death. The kingdom neither had the guillotine nor the executioner. So they tried to rent it, but it proved to be a costly affair. Later they decided to give him the life time imprisonment. This also could not be afforded by  them.  Finally,  they  had  to  get  rid  of  the  murderer  by offering him a pension of 600 francs per year.   
2. The murderer‟s shrewd and practical character  The  murderer  committed  a  crime  in  the  kingdom  of Monaco.  He  was  put  to  trial  by  the  court  of  the  kingdom. After  much  discussion  he  was  sentenced  to  death.  It  was declared  that  he  should  be  executed;  but,  the  kingdom neither  had  a  guillotine,  nor  an  executioner.  The  king  was not ready to spend  money  on renting the  guillotine and the executioner from  Italy  or France. Thus it was declared that the  murderer  should  be  imprisoned  for  life.  A  guard  was appointed outside the prison that not only guarded, but also brought food for him from the palace kitchen.   The  annual  expense  of  the  kingdom  increased  due  to  the murderer. Thus the guard was removed. The king waited for the  prisoner  to  run  away.  But  to  his  surprise  the  prisoner decided  to  stay  in  the  prison.  He  even  fetched  food  for himself  from  the  kitchen  and  locked  himself  back  in  the room.   The king summoned him and asked him that why did he not run  away.  The  prisoner  was  very  shrewd  and  practical.  He told the king that he had nowhere to go. He blamed the king for  spoiling  his  name  and  character.  He  said  that  now  he would  not  even  get  a  job.  He  argued  that  he  should  have been  executed  when  once  declared.  Thus  the  king  had  to pay him a pension of 600 francs per year to get rid of him. He got one-third of it in advance. He purchased a land at the borders  of  the  kingdom  and  started  market  gardening.  He made a point to come regularly to collect his pension.  
3. The ending of the story  The ending of the story was quite unusual and unexpected. The  annual  expense  of  the  kingdom  increased  due  to  the murderer.  Thus  the  guard  was  removed.  The  king  waitedfor  the  prisoner  to  run  away.  But  to  his  surprise  the prisoner  decided  to  stay  in  the  prison.  He  even  fetched food for himself from the kitchen and locked himself back in the room.   The  king  summoned  him  and  asked  him  that  why  did  he not  run  away.  The  prisoner  was  very  shrewd  and practical.He  told  the  king  that  he  had  nowhere  to  go.  He blamed  the  king  for  spoiling  his  name  and  character.  He said that now he would not even get a job. He argued that he  should  have  been  executed  when  once  declared.  Thus the king had to pay him a pension of 600 francs per year to get  rid  of  him.  He  got  one-third  of  it  in  advance.  He purchased a land at the borders of the kingdom and started market  gardening.  He  made  a  point  to  come  regularly  to collect his pension.   According  to  the  author,  it  was  a  good  thing  that  the murderer did not commit his crime in a country where they do not grudge expense to cut a man‟s head off or keep him in prison for life.  
4. The title of the story  The title of the story is quite apt and suggestive. The story is about a king and his kingdom which finds it „too dear‟ to handle a crime and a criminal.  A murderer committed a crime in the kingdom of Monaco. He  was  put  to  trial  by  the  court  of  the  kingdom.  After much  discussion  he  was  sentenced  to  death.  It  was declared  that  he  should  be  executed;  but,  the  kingdom neither had a guillotine,  nor an executioner. The  king  was not ready to spend money on renting the guillotine and the executioner from Italy or France. Thus it was declared that the  murderer  should  be  imprisoned  for  life.  A  guard  was appointed outside the prison that not only guarded, but also brought  food  for  him  from  the  palace  kitchen.The  annual expense  of  the  kingdom  increased  due  to  the  murderer. Thus  the  guard  was  removed.  The  king  waited  for  the prisoner to run away.   But  to  his  surprise  the  prisoner  decided  to  stay  in  the prison. He  even fetched  food for himself from the  kitchen and locked himself back in the room.   The  king  summoned  him  and  asked  him  that  why  did  he not run away. The prisoner was very shrewd and practical. He told the king that he had nowhere to go. He blamed the king for spoiling his name and character. He said that now he would not even get a job. He argued that he should have been  executed  when  once  declared.  Thus  the  king  had  to pay him a pension of 600 francs per year to get rid of him. He  got  one-third  of  it  in  advance.  He  purchased  a  land  at the  borders  of  the  kingdom  and  started  market  gardening. He  made a point to come regularly to collect  his pension. Thus it proved to be too dear for the king.  
I.  Answer  the  following  questions  in  a  word,  a  phrase or a sentence each: – 
 
1.  Who  according  to  the  council,  was  the  brother monarch in Too dear? Or   Who is known as a brother monarch?
Ans: – King of Italy

2.  How  much  did  the  French  government  expect  for  a guillotine and an executioner in Too dear? Or How  much  did  the  French  Government  demand  in  the lesson „Too Dear!?                                         

Ans: – 16,000 Francs  

3. Which country in Europe stopped the Gaming Houses as mentioned in “Too Dear!”? Or   Which country banned the Gaming Houses in Europe?

Ans: – Germany Sovereigns

4.  The  King’s  special  revenue  was  from  _________  in Too dear.  Or  What  business  does  the  king  of  Monaco  Monopolize  in „Too Dear!‟?

Ans: – Gaming houses   

5.  Mention  one  of  the  reasons  as  to  why  death  sentence was altered to life imprisonment?

Ans:  -Because  they  could  not  afford  a  guillotine  nor  an executioner  

6.  What  was  the  initial  punishment  suggested  to  the criminal by the council in Too dear? 

Ans: – Death sentence  

7.  Mention  one  of  the  taxes  imposed  by  the  King  of Monaco. Or What were the items on which taxes were imposed?  Or Mention  one  of  the  taxes  imposed  by  the  king  of Monaco? Or Mention the special source of  revenue to the  Monaco kingdom in „Too Dear!‟? Or     Name any one commodity taxed in Monaco?
 
Ans: – Tobacco/wine and spirits/poll tax/gaming houses

8.  What  were  the  duties  expected  of  the  guard  in  the story, Too Dear!?  
Ans:  –  The  guard  was  expected  to  watch  the  criminal  and also fetch his food from the palace kitchen

9. What did the people play in gaming houses?  Or     What  was  the  game  that  was  played  in  the  gaming houses? Or    Name  the  game  being  played  in  the  gaming  house  in  Too Dear!?
Ans: – Game of Roulette.  

10. What is the population of Monaco?  Or How  many  inhabitants  did  the  kingdom  of  Monaco have?  Or    How  many  inhabitants  are  there  in  the  kingdom  of Monaco? Or What  is  the  population  of  the  Kingdom  of  Monaco?
Ans: – Seven thousand inhabitants  

11. How many men did the army of Monaco have?  Or    How  many  soldiers  were  there  in  the  army  of Monaco?
Ans: – Sixty men.  

12. What is a Guillotine?

 Ans: – Guillotine is a machine used to execute the head of a criminal.   

13.  Monaco  did  not  have  a  guillotine  as  well  as  a ___________.  
Ans: – Executioner.   

14.  Which  government  was  approached  first  in  the story Too Dear!?  
Ans: – The French government.   

15. How much did the Italian government quote for the guillotine and the executioner?  
Ans:  –  Twelve  thousand  francs,  including  the  travelling expenses.   

16. What reason did the soldiers give for not executing the criminal?  Or Why did the soldiers refuse to execute the criminal?
Ans:  –  They  soldier  gave  the  reason  that  they  were  not trained to do so.   

17.  What  was  the  amount  fixed  as  pension  for  the criminal in the story Too Dear? Or  How  much  pension  would  the  criminal  get  in  Too Dear?    Or   What was the sum fixed as pension for the criminal in  Too Dear?

Ans: – 600 francs.   

18.  Meaning  of  the  proverb,”  You  can‟t  earn  stone palaces by Honest Labour.”

Ans: – Honest Labour alone cannot earn riches. One has to take  resort  to  dishonest  measures  in  order  to  earn  beyond means.                             

19. How did the man kill himself in despair in the story Too Dear?
Ans: – Drawn or Shoot himself   

20. What was the punishment given to the murder in the beginning in Too Dear?

Ans: – To Head Cut off   

21.  Why  was  the  prince  of  Monaco  unwilling  to  put  an additional tax of two francs on the people?  

Ans: – The Rascal was really not worth the money.   

22.  How  much  did  the  criminal  receive  as  advance before leaving Monaco in Too Dear!?

Ans: – One – Third of his annuity.   

23. Why was the sentence changed to life imprisonment?

Ans: – Because execution was too expensive.   

24.  Name  the  special  source  of  revenue  in  the  kingdom of Monaco?   

Ans: – Gaming House, where people play Roulette.  

25. Where did the criminal go to fetch his dinner in Too Dear?
Ans: – Palace Kitchen.  

26.  How  does  the  author  describe  the  kingdom  of Monaco?  
Ans:  –  The  kingdom  of  Monaco  was  near  the  borders  of France and Italy,  on the shore  of the Mediterranean Sea. It had  only  seven  thousand  inhabitants  and  a  small  army  of sixty  men.  This  toy  kingdom  also  had  a  king,  a  palace, courtiers, bishops, generals etc.   

27. What were the different kinds of tax that were levied on the people of Monaco?  
Ans:  –  The  people  of  the  kingdom  of  Monaco  had  to  pay the taxes on tobacco and wine.  

28.  What  crime  was  committed  in  Monaco  that  had never been  committed  before? What  was  done once the crime was discovered?
Ans:  –  A  man  committed  a  crime  of  murdering  someone. This  had  never  happened  before  in  this  peace  loving kingdom.  The  murderer  was  sentenced  to  death  after  the trial.   

29.  What  punishment  did  the  judges  announce  for  the murderer?  

Ans: – The  murderer was sentenced to  death  for  his  crime. The king announced to execute the murderer.  

30.  What  was  the  hitch  in  executing  the  death punishment?  

Ans:  –  The  only  hitch  in  executing  the  death  sentence  was that  the  kingdom  had  neither  the  guillotine  and  nor  the executioner.   

31.  When  it  was  discovered  that  the  punishment  could not  be  carried  out  due  to  the  absence  of  a  guillotine,  what  did  the  ministers  decide  to  do?  What  was  the response they received?  

Ans: – When the ministers found that they had neither the guillotine and nor the executioner, they made an inquiry in the neighboring countries to get it on rent.  

32.  Why  was  the  convict‟s  punishment  changed  from one of death sentence to life imprisonment?  Ans: – The convict‟s punishment was changed from death sentence  to  life  imprisonment  because  the  kingdom  could not afford to rent a guillotine and an executioner.   

33.  What  arrangements  were  made  to  keep  the murderer in the prison?  

Ans: – The murderer was locked in a prison. A guard was appointed to keep a watch on him and fetch him food from the palace kitchen.  

34. Why did the council decide to dismiss the guard?
Ans:  –  At  the  end  of  one  year  of  the  imprisonment  of  the murderer,  the  king  found  that  they  had  to  spend  a  lot  on the guard appointed for him. So they dismissed the guard.   

35.  Why  did  the  prisoner  not  escape  from  the  prison? What complaints did he lodge?  
Ans: – The prisoner did not escape from the prison saying that  he  had  nowhere  to  go.  He  complained  that  the  king had  ruined  his  name  and  character.  He  even  told  the  king that he had harassed him by removing the guard.   

36.  What  was  the  price  the  government  had  to  pay  in order to make the prisoner go away?
Ans:  –  The  government  had  to  promise  him  to  pay  the annual  pension  of  600  francs  and  they  even  had  to  give him one third of it in advance.   

37. According to the author, what was a good thing for a murderer?  

Ans: – According to the author, it was a good thing that he did  not  commit  his  crime  in  a  country  where  they  do  not grudge  expense  to  cut  a  man‟s  head  off  or  keep  him  in prison for life.      

II. Answer the following questions in a paragraph of 80 – 100 words each:  
III. Answer the following questions in about 200 words:   

1.    What  made  the  king  alter  his  decisions  in  dealing with the criminal? 
Or Why did the authorities in Monaco fail to carry out the death sentence of the criminal?

Ans:  –  The  authorities  in  Monaco  failed  to  carry  out  the death  sentence  because  there  was  neither  a  Guillotine  nor an executioner. Though they tried to borrow a machine and an expert from France and Italy, they realized that it would cost a huge sum of money and the king would be forced to collect  nearly  two  francs  more  per  head  on  taxes. Therefore,  the  authorities  cancelled  the  idea  of  carrying out the death sentence.   

2.    How does the narrator describe the Toy Kingdom in Too Dear? Or Describe briefly the Toy Kingdom in Too Dear? Or Describe the Monaco Kingdom. Or Briefly  describe  the  kingdom  of  Monaco  mentioned  in Too Dear?    
                                             
Ans:  –  The  narrator  begins  by  telling  about  the  location  of Monaco. It was located near the borders of France and Italy on  the  shore  of  the  Mediterranean  Sea.  It  was  a  small kingdom  which  just  has  seven  thousand  inhabitants  and  if all  the  land  in  kingdom  were  divided  there  would  not  be even an acre for each inhabitant.    The narrator calls it a toy kingdom as it did not have that glory, splendor and strength of a large kingdom. In this kingdom  there  was  a  kinglet  and  he  had  palace  and courtiers, ministers and a Bishop and generals and an army. The kingdom in all had only sixty men as army. There were also  taxes  in  the  kingdom.  The  items  that  were  taxed  were tobacco, wine and spirits and poll tax.  

3.    Describe the different levels of punishment meted out to the criminal at different times?
Ans: – As though to disrupt peace murder was committed in the  kingdom.  The  council  and  the  king  sentence  the criminal  to  life  sentence.  But  due  to  the  lack  of  Guillotine and  an  executioner  the  sentence  is  reduced  to  life imprisonment. After a period of six months the king notices a  new  item  of  expenditure  and  he  notices  that  the  amount was  spent  on  the  criminal.  Again  the  council  was summoned and they decide to dismiss the guard so that the prisoner will run away from the prison but unfortunately the prisoner  does  not  run  away  but  he  takes  food  from  the palace kitchen and again locks himself up in the cell.    Finally,  the  council  asks  him  why  he  did  not  go away  when  there  was  no  guard  to  watch  over  him  and  the criminal  gives  his  own  reasons  as  to  why  he  did  not  go away  from  the  prison.  Finally,  the  council  and  king  pay pension to the criminal and send  his away from the prison. So  we  see  at  various  times  the  council  and  king  gives different sorts of punishment to the criminal.  

4.    Why was the criminal reluctant to go out of the prison in Too Dear? Or Why was the  murderer reluctant  to run  away  from  the prison? Or Why did the prisoner refuse to go out of imprisonment? Explain. Or Why  was  the  prisoner  reluctant  to  go  out  of  the  prison in the story Too Dear? Or Why  was  the  criminal  refuse  to  escape  from  the  prison in Too Dear?                                            
Or Why  did the  murderer  refuse to go out of the prison in Too Dear? Or Why was the murderer unwilling to run away from the prison in Too Dear? Or Mention the reasons stated by the prisoner in Too Dear for not going out of the prison.

Ans:  –  The  prisoner  refused  to  escape  from  the  prison because  the  judgment  given  by  the  king  of  Monaco  had ruined  his  character  as  he  was  termed  „A  Murderer‟  and the  people  of  Monaco  would  turn  their  backs  on  him. Beside,  nobody  would  employ  him  and  he  had  to  go without work. He felt that he was treated badly and it was not fair to ask him to move out of prison. He said that, first as he was sentenced to death, he must have been executed. It  did  not  happen  and  he  had  not  complained  about  the same.    The  judgement  was  changed  and  he  was  sentenced for life and a guard  was put to bring  him the food, but he too  was  removed  with  the  changing  judgement  for  the third  time.  This  time,  he  was  asked  to  go  away  from  the prison which he was not willing to do, as he found his life secured inside the prison.  

5.    „The  criminal  leads  a  comfortable  life  after  his release‟. Explain with reference to Too Dear?  Or How  did  the  criminal  lead  his  life  after  his  release  in Too Dear?  Or How did the prisoner lead his life after his release? Or How  did  the  criminal  benefit  from  the  pension  he  was offered in the lesson Too Dear?     
Or What  benefits  did  the  crimainal  enjoy  in  the  lesson „Too Der!‟?        
                                            Ans: – The king of Monacooffered a pension of 600 Francs to  get  rid  of  the  criminal  who  had  committed  a  murder. The criminal agreed to  go away from the  kingdom  on the condition  that  he  has  to  receive  his  pension  regularly  on time.  The  prisoner  received  one  –  third  of  his  annuity  in advance. He  emigrated and settled just across the frontier.  He brought a piece of land and started market – gardening and  lived  comfortably.  Regularly,  he  went  to  draw  his pension enjoyed gaming and lived peacefully and happily.  

6.    „Though  gaming  is  a  dirty  business,  why  does  the king of Monaco resort to it?
Ans: – The king of Monaco levied taxes on tobacco, wine and spirit, apart from a poll tax. But there were such a few people  in the country that the tax  earned by these sources was  not  enough  for  the  king  to  maintain  his  courtiers  and official and his kingdom. Therefore, he had to resort to the tax obtained from gaming houses.  

7.    Describe  the  attempts  made  by  the  ministers  in solving the problems of cutting off the criminal‟s head?                                                                          
Ans: – Monaco, the kinglet though had well co – ordinated legal system but there  was absence  of  means of  execution to  cut  off  the  criminal‟s  head.  The  king  did  not  have  a Guillotine  machine  and  an  executioner  in  his  kingdom  so he tried buying  it from France but that  would  cost 16,000 Francs.  Then,  the  king  approached  Italy,  but  Italy  also quoted 12,000 Francs.    Both  these  amounts  were  too  high  and  could  not have been accepted so the king asked his general to find a solider  in  his  army  who  could  cut  the  head  roughly.  But the solders replied that they  were  not trained to  do so. So the king changed his punishment to life imprisonment and kept a guard to watch him. But after one year, the king met him  in  the  prison.  Then  he  was  asked  to  run  away  but  he refused  to  do  so  till  they  promised  him  annual  lifelong pension of 600 Francs.  

8.    Inspite of all their efforts the king and his team failed in  punishing  the  criminal.  How  is  it  narrated  in  the story Too Dear?                                            
Ans:  –  Monaco  is  a  small  kingdom  with  hardly  seven thousand  inhabitants.  The  writer  describes  it  as  a  „Toy Kingdom‟.  But  it  had  a  king  and  ministers  and  his  army. The  problem  is  the  kingdom  started  when  a  murder  was committed.  The  prisoner  was  tried  in  the  court  of  law  and was given  death sentence. His  head  was to  cut off. But the state had neither Guillotine nor the executioner.    So  they  thought  of  buying  it  from  France  and  Italy, their neighboring countries. France asked for 16,000 Francs while  Italy  quoted  12,000  Francs.  The  king  decided  that  it was too  expensive and  not  worth  it so the punishment  was changed  to  life  imprisonment  but  after  a  year  the  king realized that they were spending 600 Francs on the prisoner. Again  they  found  it  too  expensive  and  the  prisoner  was asked  to  run  away,  but  he  didn‟t  till  they  promised  him annual lifelong pension of 600 Francs.    The decision of the king and the advice given by the ministers,  both  were  worth  a  laugh.  Moreover,  the maintenance  of criminal in prison and the amount spent by the  state  on  them  is  also  mocked  at.  To  get  rid  of  the criminal  only  after  promising  a  lifelong  annual  pension  of 600 Francs. The criminal who was supposed to be punished by  the  state  now  enjoyed  his  life  on  state‟s  money.  He gambled in gaming house and spent a happy life thereafter.  

9.    What  were  the  arguments  put  forth  by  the  prisoner for not running awayfrom the prison?      
Ans:  –  The  Prisoner  did  not  show  any  signs  of  running away  and  this  got  the  ministers  worried.  The  criminal  was brought  the  Minister  of  Justice.  He  suggested  to  the prisoner to run away. The prisoner told the minister that he had  nowhere  to  go  and  accused  them  of  ruining  his character by sentencing him to death.      The prisoner told them that having been confined to the  prison,  he  had  given  up  his  habit  of  working.  He actually  resented  their  action  in  not  executing  him.  He finally  told  them  that  he  would  not  like  to  agree  to  their proposal  that  he  should  run  away  and  escape.  The ministers  decided  to  pay  the  prisoner  a  fixed  sum  of  600 Frans as pension. On receiving the news, the prisoner told them  that  he  would  go  away  on  that  condition  but  they must undertake to pay it regularly. The prisioner received  one-third  of  his  annuity  in  advance  and  left  the  king‟s dominions.

   
KEY POINTS TO REMEMBER:  
  There were seven thousand people in the kingdom of Monaco.
  There was a real kinglet.   He  collected  revenue  from  the  gaming  house  people played roulette.
  There  were  taxes  on  tobacco,  wine  and  spirit  and  apoll-tax.
  A man committed a murder in Monaco.
  He was sentenced to death.
  But Monaco had no guillotine and executioner.
  So they sought the help of France.
  France demanded 16,000 francs to send.
  So the king sought the help of Italy.
  Italy demanded 12,000 francs.
  It was also too much.
  Then the criminal was given life imprisonment.
  A guard was needed to look after him.
  The man had to be fed.
  The yearly costs were 600 francs.
  It was too much. So the guard was dismissed.
  The criminal ate the food from the palace kitchen.
  He did not try to escape as his character was ruined.
  He was finally given yearly pension   He remained in exile just outside of the country.  

RECAPITULATION:  
  Monaco- a tiny little kingdom
  Various taxes   Gaming house- a special source of income
  Murder- the unusual incident   Death sentence
  No guillotine or an expert
  King writes to France and Italy but proved costly
  Change of death sentence into life imprisonment
  600 francs annual maintenance
  The criminal does not want to leave
  Pension/one third of annuity in advance
  The criminal leaves

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