Class 8th Second Language English Textbook Solutions

The Swan and The Princes – Class 8th Second Language English Textbook Solutions

Chapter 5
The Swan and The Princes


C1. Answer the followinag questions and share your responses with your partner:

1.    What was the complaint of Devadatta against Prince Siddhartha?

Answer: Dev Datt complained against prince Siddhartha that he had taken the swan which Dev Datt shot down.

2.    Why did Siddhartha claim that the swan was his?
Answer: Siddhartha claimed that the swan was his because he saved and protected its life.

3.    How did the bird react to Dev Datt’s call?
Answer: When Dev Datt called the bird, it trembled with fear and cried.

4. What did Siddhartha say to the swan? What did the bird do? 

Answer: Siddhartha said, “Dear Swan, don’t be afraid, he had come to it and it can go and sit on his arms”. The Swan at once flew onto Siddhartha’s arms.

4.    What made Dev Datt and Siddhartha approach the King?

Answer: Devadatta shot a swan. It fell down. It was badly wounded. Siddhartha picked it up and nursed it. Devadatta asked Siddhartha to give the swan to him. Siddhartha refused to give it back. Both of them went to the King for justice.

5.    How did each of them defend their actions?

Answer: Devadatta said that he had shot the swan. And it belonged to him as per the Kshatriya rules. Siddhartha said that he had saved the bird’s life and protected it. He also said that a Kshatriya should not give up a suppliant who seeks his protection. So, the swan was rightfully his.

6.    How did the Chief Minister resolve the dispute in the end?

Answer: The Chief Minister told Siddhartha to keep the swan on a stool. He asked Devadatta to call  the bird to him. Devadatta called out to the bird. The bird trembled with fear and.cried out. It did not go to him.
The Chief Minister asked Siddhartha to call the bird. Siddhartha went near the bird. He lovingly told the bird not to be afraid of him and asked it to sit on his arms. The swan flew into his arms immediately. The Chief Minister said that the swan itself had solved the dispute. It had chosen its protector and not the person who had tried to kill it.

C2. Put the following events in the order te in which they occur in the play and write them in a paragraph:

1.    The swan flew onto Siddhartha’s arms.
2.    2.   Dev Datt appealed to the King for justice.
3.    3.   Siddhartha nursed the bird with great care.
4.    4.   Dev Datt called the swan to him.
5.    5.   Siddhartha called the swan lovingly.
6.    6.   Dev Datt shot an arrow at the bridge. Dev Datt shot an arrow at the bird. Siddhartha nursed the bird with great care. Dev Datt appealed to the king for Justice. Dev Datt called the swan to him. Siddhartha called the Swan lovingly. The swan flew onto Siddhartha’s arms.

C3. After the swan had been saved by Siddhartha, it was very happy and wanted to thank the prince. Write an imaginary dialogue between the swan and Prince Siddhartha. The beginning of the dialogue has been given

Swan: Dear Siddhartha, I want to talk to you.
Prince: Yes my dear. What’s it? Tell me, don’t fear anyone.
Swan: Dear prince, it’s only because of your kindness, I am still alive today.
Prince: Why are you crying?
swan: Imagine what would have happened to me with Dev Datt?
Prince: Don’t you think it was your luck?
swan: Yes, I was fortunate enough to fall near you.
Prince:  I was also fortunate to save you.

VI. Some definitions are given below. Substitute each of them with a single word using prefix given above. One example is done to you Eg.

1.    One’s own signature — autograph
2.  place of living organisms — biosphere
3.  more than one purpose — multipurpose
4.  Effective against bacteria — antibiotic
5.  Half of the earth’s surface — hemisphere
6.  True, not fiction — non-fiction  
7.  Between nations — International
8.  To wash before — prewash
9.  very small, not visible to the naked eye — microscopic.

V2.

1.    The suffixes …………. ful, ……………. ous, …………….. y mean [“like’ or ‘full’of]
2.  The suffixes ……………….. ism and …………………. ment, mean [‘act’or quality of ]
3.  The suffixes ………………… or and …………………. er, mean ‘one [who’]

Use a correct ending with the word below to complete the sentences. e.g. Aswin was awakened with a feeling of excitement. (excite) It was a glorious day, not cloudy at all. His teacher Mr. Pradeep had a guest speaker on that morning. Mr. Anilkumar, the speaker was an u of a machine and so, was famous throughout the world. By a continuous study of magnetism and its force, he was able to develop a device to generate heat using the sun rays.

V3. Add one letter and make a new word y to mean the word given in bracket:

1.  Wonder — [surprise]
2.  Complain — [express dissatisfaction]
3.  Strange — [unusual
4.  Save — [protect]
5.  Arms — (parts of the body]
6.  Belong — [possess]

V4. Fill in the blanks with the given words using the suffixes – ful’ or ‘less’ appropriately. Eg:

1.    care
o   Mohan usually drives on the right side of the road. He is a careless driver.
•    The teacher is very careful while crossing the road. She looks to her right and left and
always uses the zebra crossing.

2.  Cheer

•    Hari’s father died just a few days before Diwali. It was a cheerless Diwali for Hari.
•    My friend has many problems. He has to support a large family but he is always smiling. He is a cheerful person.

2.    Thought
•    I was very ill. My neighbor called a doctor. It was very thoughtful of him.
•    o  Most young people live in the present. They are often thoughtless about the future.

3.    Power

•    A boy picked a quarrel with a boxer. The boxer lost his temper and gave him a powerful blow.
•    I was going for a walk with my friends. Suddenly a robber pounced on me and held my arms from behind. I felt totally powerless.  

The Swan And The Princess Lesson Revision Exercise:
Task 5. So far, you have been able to identify 12 vowel sounds. Some words are given below. Pronounce them and write them in the respective columns. Note that some words have more than one vowel. For such words, a particular vowel is underlined. Put them in the right columns. Words Shoe, cap, plus, manage, manage whose, fruit, brother, brother, them, mud, spent, above, above, flat, burn, push, ore, pass, scatter, scatter, ease, check, hut, puss, devil, devil, art, solt, mint, board, mast, fish, shock, vast, lock

B Spoken English:

Task 1. Think of appropriate requests in these situations.

1.    You’ve missed the last bus to your , house (request a friend) Nagraj, I am afraid I missed the last bus to my house. Will you Please kindly drop me home?”
2.    You’re bored watching T.V. (request your mother) “Mom, Please can I go out and Play cricket. I think I am bored, sitting hear and just watching T.V.?”
3.    Your scooter won’t start (request the mechanic) “Sir, I think there is some problem with my scooter. Could you Please check it up and repair it, as I have to attend to an urgent work?”
C Reading:

Task 1. The following table gives the minimum and the maximum temperature of some cities during summer. Read it and complete the sentences given below.

City                                                 Temperature during Summer Min                                    Max
Mumbai                                                                32°C                                                                38°C
Bengaluru                                                             29°C                                                                33°C
Delhi                                                                      35°C                                                                43°C
Ahmadabad                                                          36°C                                                                45°C

Now we can draw the following inferences:

1.  Bangaluru is the coolest city.
2.  Delhi is hotter than Mumbai and Bengaluru.
3.  Ahamedabad is the hottest city in India.
4.  Mumbai is cooler than Delhi and Ahmedabad.

The Swan And The Princes Grammar:

Task 1. Now fill in the blanks using the appropriate prepositions from the table.

Shantigrama is a small village in Chikka Mangalore district. There lives a boy Nameeth. He is studying in 8th standard. He is very punctual. Every day he gets up early in the morning. His school is three kilometers away from his village. So, he leaves his home at 8.30 a.m. He goes to school on foot. He always reaches school in time.

Nameeth participates in all the school activities. He listens attentively, recites poems, solves maths sums, plays games and draws beautiful pictures. His classes usually close at 4 p.m., but he stays in the school till 5 p.m. After the classes, he sits under a tree with his friends and practices music for an hour. He leaves the school campus at 5 O’clock and reaches home around p.m. He refreshes himself and plays with his friends for an hour. He studies for two hours and watching the news on the TV. After supper, he goes for a walk. At 10.30 p.m. he goes to bed.

Task 2 Study the map key given carefully and complete the sentences below using appropriate prepositions.

1.    Vidhana Soudlia is in Bengaluru in Karnataka.
2.  SriLanka lies to the south of India.
3.  The Tropic of Cancer divides India into two equal halves.  
4.  82102 E Longitude passes through Allahabad in UttarPradesh.
5.  Delhi is on the banks of the river Yamuna.
6.  The Palk Strait and the Manner Bay separate India from Sri Lanka.
7.  Madhya Pradesh lies between Mahara- shtra and Rajasthan
8.  KRS has been constructed across the river Kaveri.
9.  There are many natural harbors along the Western Coast.

Task 3. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate prepositions, lino preposition is needed leave the space blank.

1.  It Apoorva felt Dinesh was right, she would agree with him.
2.  The Economy of India is based on farming.
3.  What time does the bus arrive at Mangalore?
4.  I wish you’d stop shouting at us angrily.
5.  ‘Kumar is down’here!’ she said in a loud voice.
6.  People differ from one another in their ability to handle stress.
7.  Amulya applied for a job with the local newspaper.
8.  Has Harish replied to your letter yet
9.  T apologize for losing my temper.
10. Do you believe in God?

 E. Writing:

Task 1. Complete the following letter supposedly written by Hirachand to King Akbar telling-Mm that he is innocent. Use the clues given below.

Dear Sir, I feel I am punished for no mistake of mine. You want to execute me because I have an unlucky face but I feel it is not fair. What will my wife and children do without me? what wrong have I done? I say I am innocent. I beg for your mercy and request you to free me.
Yours truly,
Hirachand.

Task 2. Imagine that you are Paravathi C o Shr.vunashekhara, D.No 131. Temple Road, Gorur.

Write a letter to your father requesting him to send Rs.600/- using the clues given below. About your studies- performance in tests- excursion arranged by your school- places to be visited and date- money required.

Gorur 10th
January 2018

To,
Sri Somashekhar,
D/No 131,
Temple Road,
Gorur.
 
My Loving Pappa,
How are you Pappa ? I am fine and hoping the same from you. I am studying well. Today 1 got the test marks. This time I scored 90 marks in Maths and in other subjects as usual. Kannada and Hindi subject marks are not yet announced. I hope that I get cent percent in that two subjects. In science 1 got 96 and in Social 98.
Our school has arranged an excursion to Mysore, Nagarahole, Bandipur etc. It is a two day trip. It is scheduled on 28th & 29th of this month. Within 20th we should confirm our attendance by paying Rs. 600/-. If you and Mom permit me to go, I will feel happy. I am interested to go because this is the last year and my friends are forcing me to join them. Please give your permission and send Rs.600/- within time.
Convey my best regards to Mom and Putta. 1 am awaiting your reply soon.

Yours loving daughter
Parvathi.

Task 3. Imagine that you art Rammappa, studying in VIII standard. Government High School, Thammaditiaghi.

Write a letter to your class teacher, requesting him for grant of leave using the points given below. Class and section – reason for leave- days-father’s consent- how you make good of the lessons done during your absence. ‘

Ramappa,
VIII Std.,
Govt High School,
Thammadihalli
15th September 2017

The Class Teacher,
VIII Standard,
Govt High School,
Thammadihalli.

Respected Sir, . 

Sub : Request for grant of 5 days leave.
I am Ramappa of VIII std studying in your school. I am suffering from viral fever and throat infection. Our doctor is treating me and has suggested me to take 5 days leave because it is epidemic. I have attached the Doctor Certificate.
My friends have promised me to help in notes writing. After my recovery definitley. I will study well. Please grant me leave. 
Thanking you Sir,  
Yours obedient Student
Ramappa VIII Std

The Swan and The Princes Additional Questions and Answers

1.    What was King Suddodhana doing at the beginning of the play?
Answer: King Suddodhana was sitting on his throne, the tie was in conference with his ministers.

2.    What did the second Minister think of Devadatta’s visit?

Answer: The second Minister thought that he was coming there to complain against someone.

3. Who did King Suddodhana send for? 

Answer: King Suddodhana sent for Prince Siddhartha.
 
4. Why was the king puzzled? 
Answer: The king thought it was a strange case, so he was puzzled.
 
5. Where did the Chief Minister ask Siddhartha to put the swan? 
Answer: The Chief Minister told Siddhartha to put the swan on a stool.

Multiple Choice Questions

Four alternatives are given for each of the following questions/ incomplete statements. Choose the most appropriate one.
 

1. ‘The Swan and the Princes’ is a/an
A) extract 
B) folk play 
C) short story 
D) life sketch 
Answer: B) folk play
 
2. _______ was the king of Kapilavastu. 
A) Devadatta 
B) Siddhartha 
C) Satyavan 
D) Suddodhana 
Answer: D) Suddodhana
 
3. Who appealed to the king for justice? 
A) Devadatta 
B) Siddhartha 
C) Suddodhana 
D) the swan 
Answer: A) Devadatta
 
 
4. The swan sought the protection of 
A) Devadatta 
B) the king 
C) Siddhartha 
D) the chief minister 
Answer: C) Siddhartha
 
5. Where did Siddhartha put the swan? 
A) on the floor 
B) on the stool 
C) on the table 
D) on his arm. 
Answer: B) on the stool

The Swan and The Princes Lesson Summary in English

Suddodhana was the king of Kapila Vastu, Siddhartha was his son and the prince of Kapilavastu. Dev Datt was Siddartha’s cousin. Once Siddhartha and Dev Datt were playing in the garden. Dev Datt shot a swan and it fell on ground. Siddhartha saw this and washed its wound, applied medicine and saved its life.

After that the two boys quarreled over whom the swam belongs to each one claimed the swan’s ownership. Dev Dutt claimed that the swan belonged to him as he had shot it down.

But Siddhartha claimed that the swan belonged to him as he had saved its life. They could not decide the ownership of the swan.

So Dev Datt came to Suddodhana’s court to get justice and explained the matter. The King called Siddhartha and asked about the matter. Dev Datta claimed the swan because he shot it and Siddhartha argued that the swan belongs to him because he protected and saved its life. Both were correct. How to give judgment, so the king asked the help of his Chief Minister. The Chief Minister thought a plan and said to both the boys. The swan will decide the case.

First, they put the swan on the stool and Dev Datt was asked to call the Swan. He did it, but the swan trembled and cried with fear. Next Siddhartha went near the swan and consoled it and said it need not fear, then the swan flew up and sat on his arms. The Chief Minister said to King that swan had decided the case. All accepted the judgment that the swan belonged to prince Siddharta.

The Swan and The Princes Summary in Kannada

 
ಇದು ಒಂದು ಜಾನಪದ ನಾಟಕ. ಕೆಲವೇ ಪಾತ್ರಗಳಿರುವ ಸರಳ ಭಾಷೆಯಲ್ಲಿರುವ ಮಕ್ಕಳು ಮಾಡಬಹುದಾದ ನಾಟಕ. ನಾಟಕದ ವಸ್ತು ಮತ್ತು ವಿಷಯ ಗೌತಮ ಬುದ್ದನ ಬಾಲ್ಯ ಜೀವನ . ಗೌತಮ ಬುದ್ದನ ಬಾಲ್ಯದ ಹೆಸರು, ಸಿದ್ದಾರ್ಥ. ಅವನು ಚಿಕ್ಕಂದಿನಿಂದಲೇ ಅಹಿಂಸೆಯನ್ನು ಇಷ್ಟಪಟ್ಟು ಪಾಲಿಸುತ್ತಿದ್ದನು. ಕೊಲ್ಲುವವನಿಗಿಂತ ಕಾಯುವವನೇ ಹೇಗೆ ಶ್ರೇಷ್ಟವೋ ಹಾಗೆಯೇ ಅವನಿಗೆ ಅದರ ಮೇಲೆ ಅಧಿಕಾರ ಎನ್ನುವುದನ್ನು ಈ ನಾಟಕವು ಪ್ರತಿಬಿಂಬಿಸುತ್ತದೆ, ಶುದ್ದೋದನನು ಕಪಿಲ ವಸ್ರು ಎಂಬ ಊರಿನ ರಾಜ ಸಿದ್ದಾರ್ಥ ಅವನ ಮಗ ಮತ್ತು ಯುವ ರಾಜಕುಮಾರ . ದೇವದತ್ತ ಸಿದ್ದಾರ್ಥನ ಸೋದರ ಸಂಬಂಧಿ . ಒಮ್ಮೆಸಿದ್ದಾರ್ಥ ಮತ್ತು ದೇವದತ್ತ ತೋಟದಲ್ಲಿ ಆಟವಾಡುತ್ತಿರುತ್ತಾರೆ. ದೇವದತ್ತನು ಅಲ್ಲಿದ್ದ ಒಂದು ಸುಂದರವಾದ ಬಿಳಿಯ ಹಂಸಕ್ಕೆ ಗುರಿಯಿಟ್ಟು ಬಾಣ ಬಿಡುತ್ತಾನೆ. ಗುರಿತಾಗಿ ಹಂಸವು ನೋವಿನಿಂದ ನರಳುತ್ತಾ ನೆಲದ ಮೇಲೆ ಬೀಳುತ್ತದೆ. ಆಗ ಅಲ್ಲಿದ್ದ ಸಿದ್ದಾರ್ಥ ಅದನ್ನು ಎತ್ತಿಕೊಂಡು ಗಾಯವನ್ನು ತೊಳೆದು, ಔಷಧಿ ಹಾಕಿ ಉಪಚರಿಸುತ್ತಾನೆ. ಕೆಲವು ದಿನಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಅದು ಚೇತರಿಸಿಕೊಳ್ಳುತ್ತದೆ. ದೇವದತ್ತ ಆ ಹಂಸವು ತನಗೆ ಸೇರಬೇಕಾದದ್ದು ಎದು ಕೇಳಿದಾಗ ಸಿದ್ದಾರ್ಥನು ತಾನು ರಕ್ಷಿಸಿರುವುದರಿಂದ ಅದು ತನಗೆ ಸೇರಬೇಕು ಎನ್ನುತ್ತಾನೆ, ಇಬ್ಬರಿಗೂ ವಾದ ವಿವಾದಗಳಾಗಿ ಕೊನೆಗೆ ದೇವದತ್ತನು ಈ ಸಮಸ್ಯೆಯನ್ನು ರಾಜಸಭೆಗೆ ತರುತ್ತಾನೆ. ರಾಜಸಭೆಯಲ್ಲಿ ದೇವದತ್ತನು ರಾಜನಿಗೆ ನಡೆದುದೆಲ್ಲವನ್ನು ವಿವರಿಸುತ್ತಾನೆ. ಆಗ ಸಿದ್ದಾರ್ಥನನ್ನು ಕರೆಸಿ ಕೇಳುತ್ತಾರೆ. ಇಬ್ಬರ ವಾದವೂ ಅವರವರ ರೀತಿ ಸರಿಯಾಗಿರುತ್ತದೆ. ಆದರೆ ಹೇಗೆ ತೀರ್ಮಾನ ಮಾಡುವುದು . ಹಂಸ ಯಾರಿಗೆ ಸೇರಬೇಕು. ಆಗ ರಾಜನು ತನ್ನ ಮುಖ್ಯ ಮಂತ್ರಿಗೆ ಇದನ್ನು ತೀರ್ಮಾನಿಸಲು ಹೇಳುತ್ತಾನೆ. ಅದಕ್ಕೆ ಮುಖ್ಯಮಂತ್ರಿಯು ಸ್ವಲ್ಪ ಯೋಚಿಸಿ ಎಲ್ಲರಿಗೂ ಕೇಳುತ್ತಾರೆ. ಈ ನಿರ್ಣಯವನು ಹಂಸವೇ ನಿರ್ಧರಿಸುತ್ತದೆ ಎಂದು ನಂತರ ಸಿದ್ದಾರ್ಥನಿಗೆ ಆ ಹಂಸವನ್ನು ಒಂದು ಕುರ್ಚಿಯ ಮೇಲೆ ಇಡಲು ಹೇಳುತ್ತನೆ. ಸಿದ್ದಾರ್ಥನು ಇಡುವನು. ದೇವದತ್ತನು ಹಂಸ ಪಕ್ಷಿಯನ್ನು ಕರೆಯುತ್ತಾನೆ. ಆದರೆ ಅದು ಭಯದಿಂದ ನಡುಗುತ್ತದೆ. ಮತ್ತು ಹೆದರಿಕೆಯಿಂದ ಕಿರುಚುತ್ತದೆ. ಅವನು ಹಿಂದ ಬಂದ ಮೇಲೆ ಸಿದ್ದಾರ್ಥನು ಹೋಗಿ ಹಂಸಪಕ್ಷಿಗೆ ಸಾಂತ್ವನ ಮಾಡಿ ಹೆದರಬೇಡ, ನಾನು ಬಂದಿರುವೆ, ಬಾ ಎಂದು ಕರೆದಾಗ ತಕ್ಷಣವೇ ಅವನ ತೋಳುಗಳ ಮೇಲೆ ಬಂದು ಕೂರುತ್ತದೆ. ಆಗ ಮುಖ್ಯಮಂತ್ರಿಯು ರಾಜನಿಗೆ ಮತ್ತು ಎಲ್ಲರನ್ನೂ ಕುರಿತು ಹೇಳುತ್ತಾನೆ. ನೋಡಿ ಹಂಸವೇ ತನ್ನ ಒಡೆಯನನ್ನು ನಿರ್ಧರಿಸಿದೆ. ಇದನ್ನು ನೋಡಿ ಎಲ್ಲರಿಗೂ ಈ ತೀರ್ಮಾನ ಒಪ್ಪಿಗೆಯಾಗಿ ಜಯಕಾರವನು ಮಾಡುತ್ತಾರೆ, ಹಂಸ ಪಕ್ಷಿಯು ಸಿದ್ದಾರ್ಥನದಾಗುತ್ತದೆ,

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