class 8 First Language English Textbook Solutions

The Heavenly Parasol – Class 8 First Language English Textbook Solutions

 PROSE–1
The Heavenly Parasol
 
I.) Comprehension : A. Answer the following questions in one or two sentences each:-

1.) What was the name of the beautiful princess of Pragjyotisha?
Answer: Amritaprabha was the name of the beautiful princes of Pragiyotisha.
 
2.) What was arranged for her, when she attained the age of marriage?
Answer: The king arranged Swayamvara to enable her to choose her husband when she attained the age of marriage.
 
3.) Who was Meghavahana?
Answer: Meghavahana was the great-grandson of a former king of Kashmir.
 
4.) Why did the priest cry out in surprise?
Answer: The parasol of Varuna has cast its shadow over the prince hence the priest cried out in surprise.
 
5.) What was the uniqueness of the Parasol?
Answer: The uniqueness of the Parasol was it casts its shadow on a sovereign of the whole world only.
 
6.) Why did the ministers of the Kashmir court make an offer to Meghavahana to be their King?
Answer: The present ruler was devoted himself to a life of prayer and the affairs of the kingdom lied neglected and due to it people were suffering hence the ministers of the Kashmir court make an offer to Meghavahana to be their King.
 
7.) What was the law imposed by Meghavahana in his kingdom?
Answer: Meghavahana imposed the law against the killing of living beings.
 
8.) Why did Meghavahana want to conquer the island of Lanka?
Answer: Meghavahana thought Lanka is the land of demons and needs to be taught the ways of peace, hence he wanted to conquer the island of Lanka.
 
9.) What did Meghavahana witness in the middle of the wood?
Answer: Meghavahana witness that some sort of human sacrifice in progress on the steps of the temple of Chandika (Durga). A man laying on the ground, his arms raised for mercy and a menacing-looking barbarian stood over him, brandishing his sword.
 
10.) Why did the barbarian want to kill an innocent man?
Answer: The son of barbarian was fallen prey to some disease and he is dying on the bed. If barbarian kills this man, the gods will be pleased and save his son’s life, this is the reason that the barbarian wanted to kill an innocent man.
 
11.) How did Meghavahana rescue both the victim and the barbarian’s son?
Answer: Meghavahana offered his body in sacrifice to Chandika, thus he rescue both the victim and the barbarian’s son.
 
12.) What happened when Meghavahana was about to strike himself?
Answer: When Meghavahana was about to strike himself  his head covered with divine flowers of exquisite colour and perfume and someone held back his arm.
 
B.) Answer the following in about 150-200 words each:

1.) Describe the incident of how Meghavahana got the heavenly parasol.
Answer: When Amritaprabha came into age her father King Pragyajyotisha arranged her Swayanvar. In the Swayanvar she chooses Meghavahana as her husband by putting a garland around his neck. When Amritaprabha and Meghavahana move toward king for blessings the priest cries that the parasol of Varuna has casting its shadow over the prince! The parasol surprises Meghavahana, he also wonders about its meaning. He sees a beautiful, dazzling white parasol with exquisite decorations that was casting its shadow over him. Then the kings explains him that it is the parasol of Varuna who is the lord of seas and casts its shadow on only a sovereign of the whole world. Thus, Meghavahana got the heavenly parasol.
 
2.) How did Varuna, the Lord of the Seas, test Meghavahana’s nobility of mind?
Answer: When the Meghavahana was on an expedition near the sea, he tells his army to rest in the shade of some palm groves and he starts thinking that how to conquer the island of Lanka. Suddenly he hears the cry in the air and he runs toward it. He hears that someone saying that, “Even under Meghavahana’s rule. I have been slain!” Meghavahana himself run toward the voice without waiting for his officer. When he goes under the woods he finds that in the temple of Chandika (Durga) and some kind of human sacrifice is in progress on the steps of the temple. A man is on the ground and asking for mercy and barbarian standing over him brandishing his sword. Barbarian tell him that his son is fallen prey to some disease and he is on death bed. If Barbarian sacrifice this man, then the gods will be pleased and save his son’s life. If Meghavahana prevent sacrifice then the son of barbarian will die. At this point Meghavahana offer himself for sacrifice and try to kill himself then the strike turns into flowers of exquisite colour and perfume and someone hold back his arm. Thus, the lord of the seas Varuna test Meghavahana’s nobility of mind.
 
II.) Read the following statements and answer the questions given below :
1.) “It casts its shade on none else but a sovereign of the whole world…”
a) Who said this?
Answer: The king Pragyajyotisha said it.
b) Who was it said to?
Answer: It was said to Meghavahana.
c) When was it said?
Answer: It was said when the parasol was casting its shadow over Meghavahana and he was surprise at the dazzling white parasol.
 
2.) “You wretch! You dare to threaten another’s life in my realm.”
a) Who said this?
Answer: Meghavahana said it.
b) To whom was it said?
Answer: It is said to barbarian.
c) Why was it said?
Answer: It is said because the barbarian was sacrificing a man for Goddess Chandika (Durga)
 
3.) “If you cannot bring yourself to strike at me, I will use my own sword for the purpose.”
a) Who said this?
Answer: Meghavahana said this.
b) Who was the listener?
Answer: The barbarian was the listener.
c) What meaning does this sentence convey?
Answer: This sentence conveys that Meghavahana sacrificing his life to save victim and the son of barbarian.
 
III.) Language Activity
Fill in the blanks with appropriate prepositions:
1.) Due to heavy rainfall the huge tree fell down and unfortunately Shamu was caught under the tree. (under, down, below)
2.) There is a roof above us. ( above, over)
3.) I bought a gift for my brother. (to, for)
4.) Sheetal took leave from her office. (of, from)
5.) They climbed up the stairs, went on the terrace to have a view of the star studded sky. (on, up, above)
6.) I have to go to a meeting at 12.30 p.m. (at, on)
7.) I cried “Help, Help” when the boy fell into the well. (down, into)
8.) Shika travels from Chandigarh to Delhi every week. (on, from,to)
9.) My sister’s wedding isat Hotel Tajin Mumbai. (in, on, at)
10.) Shashank took an express bus to Mysuru, which goes through Mandya. (by, through)
 
VI.) DICTIONARY USE
A.) Choose the appropriate specialists given below in brackets for the following ailments: (Take the help of a dictionary)
(Gynaecologist, Paediatrician, Obstetrician, Dermatologist, Ophthalmologist, Cardiologist, Psychiatrist, Psychologist, Orthopaedician, Physiotherapist)
1.) Sheela has got white patches on her skin. She needs to consult a Dermatologist.
2.) Priya cannot see the letters on the board. She has to see an Ophthalmologist.
3.) The child is suffering from fever. The parents have to take him to a paediatrician.
4.) Kiran fell from the cycle and broke his bones got injured. He immediately consulted an 
Orthopaedician (Orthopaedics).
5.) Students are stressed because of their exams. They should have a session with a psychologist.
6.) My grandfather had a pain in the chest. We took him to a Cardiologist.
7.) This person has really gone mad. He needs the help of a Psychiatrist.
8.) Rohan always suffers from muscle catch and cramps. So he always visits his Physiotherapist.
9.) Ritu introduced me to a Obstetrician who delivered her baby.
10.) A Gynaecologist specialises in treating the ailments of women.
 
VII.) Fill in the blanks with the appropriate word chosen from the homophones given in brackets:
1.) I can’t hear you from such a distance. Come here and tell me. (here, hear)
2.) Arjun used someformula to solve the sum.(sum, some)
3.) Veena has lakhs of rupees but still she lacks peace. (lacks, lakhs)
4.) Two years ago, the shop was seized and so it ceased to exist. (ceased, seized)
5.) We should know how to say no without hurting others. (no, know)
 
IX.) Answer the following as directed:
I.) Find the meanings of the following words: (Take the help of a dictionary)
(a) bog – Wet muddy ground
(b) muck – Dirt, waste matter
(c) lad – a boy or young man
(d) sparse – scattered
(e) hovel – a small squalid or simply constructed dwelling
(f) pneumonia – respiratory disease
2.) Farmer Fleming saved the boy from muck (Fill in the blank)
3.) What was the deal the nobleman made with Farmer Fleming?
Answer: The nobleman made deal that he will take the Farmer Fleming’s son and provide him a good education.
4.) Farmer Fleming’s son graduated from St. Mary’s Hospital Medical School in London (Fill in the blank)
5.) Who was Farmer Fleming’s son?
Answer: Sir Alexander Fleming who discovered Penicillin was the Farmer Fleming’s son.
6.) The nobleman’s son suffered from pneumonia (Fill in the blank)
7.) What is the lesson you learn from the story?
Answer: Help to needy never goes waste.
8.) The nobleman’s son was Sir Winston Churchill (Fill in the blank)
 
X.) Fill the missing letters in the adjectives:
1) The character of a person who always remains calm and poised: composed.
2) The character of a person who is concerned too much with his own needs or wishes :selfish
3) The character of a person which is compared to a fox: cunning
4) The character of a person who is careful and precise in everything: meticulous
5) The character of a person who exhibits very strong emotions or intense enthusiasm for something: passionate
 
Dear Student, I appreciate your efforts and hard work that you all had put in. Thank you for being concerned with us and I wish you for your continued success.

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