Class 10 Social Textbook Solutions

OPPOSITION TO BRITISH RULE IN INDIA & WODIYARS OF MYSORE – Class 10 Social Textbook Solutions

HISTORY CHAPTER: 4
OPPOSITION TO BRITISH RULE IN INDIA & WODIYARS OF MYSORE


FILL IN THE BLANKS WITH SUITABLE WORDS.

1.The First Anglo-Mysore war took place between _______ and _______

(1767 to 1769)

2.The Second Anglo-Mysore war ended with_______ treaty.
(Treaty of Mangalore)

3.Raja Wodiyar made ____________ as his capital.
(Srirangapatna)

4.Kittoor Chennamma adopted a boy named ________
(Sivalingappa)

5.Rayanna of Kittur state belonged to ______ village.
(Sangolli)

6.Surpur is in the present district of _________
(Yadgir)

7.The Beds of _______ village of Belgaum district rebelled against the British.
(Bagalkote)

8.The Amarsulya rebellion was basically a ________ rebellion.

(Farmers Rebellion)

ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS.

1)What are the achievements of Chikkadevaraja Wodiyar?
1. He checked the invasion of Shivaji.
2. Captured Magadi, Madhugiri, Koratagere & other places.
3. Purchased Bengaluru from the Mughal military general.
4. He started the ‘Athara Kacheri’
5. The postal system started during his time.
6. Built ‘Chikkadevaraja canal’ and ‘Dodda Devaraja canal’ across the river Cauveri.
7. Patronised many poets and scholars.
8. He had titles like Kavichakravarthi’, ‘Aprathima Veera’, Tenkanraja’, ‘Navkoti Narayana’.

2) How did hyderali come to power? OR Describe the situation in Mysore when Hyderali came to power.

1. With the death of Chikkadevaraja Wodiyar, Mysore administration was collapsed.
2. His death created the problem of succession.
3. All these developments couded the politics of Mysore.
4. In this situation, Hyderali rose to political prominence. 5. He weakened the strength of the Dalvoys by military operations.
6. He put Krishnaraja Wodiyar-II in house arrest and took over the power.

3) What were the effects of Second Anglo-Mysore War?
1. British tried to invade Mangalore & Bidanur.
2. They tried to instigate the rulers of Calicut & Malbar against Tippu.
3. Hence Tipu advanced towards Mangalore.
4. He defeated the British army.
5. The battle ended with ‘Treaty of Mangalore’.
6. Both returned their conquered territories and prisoners.

4)What were the conditions of the Srirangapatanam Treaty?
1. Tipu was forced to part with half of his kingdom.
2. He was forced to pay 3 crore rupees as war damage fee.
3. He had to pledge two of his sons as a guarantee.
4. He also forced to release the war prisoners.

5) The Fourth Anglo-Mysore War strengthened the position of the British in Mysore. Discuss. 

1. This war started in 1799.
2. The British were able to destroy the strong fort.
3. Tippu died while fighting with British.
4. British, Marathas, Nizams shared Tippu’s kingdom.
5. A small territory was given to royal representative of Mysore Wodiyars.
6. Thus this war strengthened the positionof British in Mysore.

6) What are the achievements of Krishnaraja Wodiyar IV?

1. He started the University of Mysore.
2. Founded the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore.
3. A barrage was constructed across Cauveri near Belagola.
4. New railway lines were laid.
5. Established many small and large scale industries.
6. He formed the Legislative council.
7. Encouraged a number of musicians.
8. Due to all these achievementds, he made Mysore a ‘Model State’.

7)Explain the methods of resisting the British power by Dondia Wagh.
1. He organized an army of Tippu’s unhappy soldiers.
2. He captured Shimoga and Bidanur fort.
3. Hence, Wellesley tried to check his rebellion.
4. Dondia Wagh lost ground, but did not panic.
5. Many unhappy Paleyagars encouraged him.
6. The French of Mahe supported him.
7. The British requested the help of local rulers.
8. Finally the British attacked him at Yapalaperavi & killed at Konagal.

8)Explain the method adopted by Rayanna to fight the British.
1. He organized the soldiers & developed a sense of nationalism.
2. He organized secret meetings against the British.
3. He aimed at looting the taluk offices and treasury.
4. He had an army of five hundred men.
5. The British conspired to capture Rayanna.
6. An Amaldara named Krishnaraya joined hands with British.
7. Rayanna was cunningly captured. 8. He was hanged by the British in Nandagad.

9)Explain the contributions of Puttabasappa of Kodagu in the freedom struggle.
1. He organized the rebels.
2. Captured the government office in Bellare.
3. He killed an Amaldar, who wasknown for his brutality.
4. His army faced the British army at Puttur.
5. Looted the prison and treasury of Bantwal.
6. So the British planned to crush him.
7. Then he fled towards Sulya with his associates.
8. But the British captured Puttabasappa along with his companions & hanged them.

10) Discuss the Surpura rebellion in brief.
1. In 1853, Venkatappanayaka came to power in Surpur.
2. News came that, Nanasaheb’s representatives were in Surpur.
3. By made the British suspicious of King’s intentions.
4. The British appointed an officer named Campbell.
5. He reported to the government that, the king was involved in maladministration.
6. Thus the British captured Surpur.
7. In the war, the British captured Surpura fort.
8. There is much confusion regarding Venkatappa Nayaka’s end.

ADDITIONAL LEARNING MATERIALS FOR HIGH SCORING..!

1)After the fall of Vijayanagara Empire, its traditions and the lost glory was revived and continued by ____________
(Wodiyars of Mysore)

2)Hadinadu, a Paleyapattu near Mysore town was ruled by a feudatory of Srirangapattana Mandalika called ____________
(Chamaraja)

2)The Wodeyar dynasty was founded by _________

(Yadurayas)

3)Starting from Yaduraya to Jayachamaraja Wodiyar, this dynasty was ruled by ___________ Wodiyars.
(25)

4)The Wodiyar, who made Srirangapatna their capital were _________
(Raja Wodiyar)

5) Who offered ‘Rajamudi’ – the crown- to lord Melukote Cheluvanarayana Swamy?

(Raja Wodiyar)

6)Navaratri festival in Mysore was started by _______
(Raja Wodiyar)

7) Who purchased Bengaluru from the Mughal military general?

Chikkadevaraja Wodiyar purchased Bengaluru from the Mughal military general.

8)What were the titles of Chikkadevaraja lords?

‘Karnataka Kavichakravarthi’, ‘Aprathima veera’, ‘Thenkanaraja’ & ‘Navakoti Narayana’

9) ‘Athara Kacheri’ was started by __________
(Chikkadevaraja Wodiyar)

10)’Athara Kacheri’ basically was a _______
____
(Council of ministers)

11)Why did Chikkadevaraja Wodiyar started ‘Athara Kacheri’?

(to help in administration)

12) The postal system came to being during the time of this Wodiyar ________
(Chikkadevaraja Wodeyar)

13)What was Chikkadevaraja Wodeyar’s contribution to irrigation? OR which two canals were built by Chikkadevaraja Wodeyar?
He built Chikkadevaraja canal & Doddadevraja canal across the river Cauveri.

14) Who patronised Tirumalarya, Sanchi Honnamma?
(Chikkadevaraja Wodiyar)

15) Which century in the Indian history is considered as ‘The century of political problems’?

(18th century)

16) By which event did the Mughals lose political control in South India?

The Death of Aurangzeb.

17)Aurangzeb died in _________
(1707)

18)What were the consequences of Aurangzeb’s death?
His death weakened the Mughal Empire. As a result, Mughals lost political control over south India.

19)Chikkadevaraj Wodiyar died in ______
(1704)

20)Who ascended the throne of Mysore after Chikkadevaraja Wodiyar?

(Krishnaraja Wodeyar-II)

21)Which event triggered the First Anglo-Mysore War?
In 1767, Hyderabad attacked Arcot, which was a friendly state (alliance) of British. 


22)The First Anglo-Mysore War was concluded by the Treaty of _______

(Madras Treaty)

23) ‘Madras Treaty’ was signed in the year_______

(1769)

24) The 2nd Anglo-Mysore War was fought from ________ to ________
(1780 to 1784)

25) What was the main cause of 2nd Anglo- Mysore War?
(British attacked & captured Mahe, which was under the control of Hyder Ali.)

26) The Second Mysore War broke out in ___________
(in 1780)

27) Which battle of Hyder Ali changed the course of the 2nd Anglo-Mysore War?
(Battle of Porto Nova)

28)Which defeat of Hyder Ali in 2nd Anglo- Mysore War led to the increase of British confidence level?
Hyder Ali’s defeat of the battle of Porto Nova increased the confidence of British.

29) When and how did Hyderali die?

(from illness in 1782)

30) Why did Tippu Sultan lead the 2nd Anglo- Mysore War?
(because hyderali was dead)

31) In which war was Tipu Sultan engaged in at the time of Hyderali’s death?

(in the Battle of Malabar region)

32)Why did Tippu feel it was appropriate to take control of Mangalore and the coastal areas? 

Because, the British tried to instigate the rulers of Calicut and Malabar regions against Tippu Sultan.

33)When and between whom the ‘Treaty of Mangalore’ signed?

(between the British and Tipu in 1784)

34) For the first time in India, the rocket in the war was used by ______

(Hyderali and Tippu)

35)What was the main reason for 3rd Anglo-Mysore war?
The political situation of Travancore was the main reason for 3rd Anglo-Mysore war.

36) Which British officer’s military leadership changed the course of the 3rd Anglo-Mysore War?
(Corn Wallis leadership changed the course of 3rd Anglo-Mysore war.)

37) The treaty ended the 3rd Anglo-Mysore War __________
(Treaty of Srirangapatna)

38) ‘Treaty of Sri Agapatna’ Year held in the year ________________
(1792)

39) Who became the Governor General of India in 1798?
(Wellesley)

40) Which war started because of Tipu’s refusal of the Subsidiary Alliance system?

 (4th Anglo- Mysore War)

41)The year 4th Anglo-Mysore war was fought in ________
(1799)

42) In which battle did Tippu Sultan die?
(In 4th Anglo-Mysore War)

43)During which Wodeyar, did Commissioner’s rule end and Britishd Resident rule begin? (During the time of Chamarajendra Wodiyar-X)

44)After the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War, the British Government handed over the throne of Mysore to ___________
(to Chamarajendra Wodiyar- X – in 1881)

45)Chamarajendra Wodiyar-X was preceded by ________
(C. Rangacharlu)

46) Who became the Diwan after the death of Rangacharlu?
(K. Seshadri Iyer)

47) Why did K. Seshadri Iyer start the Mysore Civil Service Examination?
For selecting talented youth for administrative service.

48) Which institution was founded by K. Seshadri Iyer in Mysore for the education of girls?
(Maharani Girls High School)

49)Basappashasti,who was patronised by the Chamarajendra Wodiyar –X, had the title of _
__________
(‘Abhinava Kalidasa’)

50) The name of theMysore State Anthem composed by Basappashasti was _________
(‘Kayo Shri Gowri’)

51)Swami Vivekananda, who had come to Mysore, was helped by ____________ to go to Chicago.
(Chamarajendra Wodiyar-X)

52) The mother of Krishnaraja Wodiyar IV was __________
(Queen Vanivilasa Sannidhana Kempa Nanjammanni).

53)Krishnaraja Wodiyar IV assumed power in __________
(in 1902)

54) Who are the nobles who did not perform their duty as diwans to the Krishnaraja Wodiyar IV?

P.N. Krishnamurthy, V.P. Madhavaraya, Sir. M. Visvesvaraya, Kantaraja Aras, Sir Albion Banerjee, Sir Mirza Ismail

55)What was the biggest step taken by Krishnaraja Wodiyar IV in the change of state system?

Krishnaraja Wodiyar IV constituted the Legislative Council.

56) Who were the famous scholars patronized by Krishnaraja Wodiyar IV?
Shyamashastry, M. Hirianna, Veena Seshanna, Sambayya, Bidaram Krishnappa, Muttiah Bhagavatar, Vasudevacharya, T. Choudaiah & others.

57) During whose rule Mysore got the name of ‘Model State’? OR Due to whose rule, Mysore became a ‘Model State’?
(Mysore got the name ‘Model State’ during Krishnaraja Wodiyar IV time)

58)What did Gandhiji call Krishnaraja Wodiyar IV?
(‘Rajashri’)

59)India is independentöAnother ruler of Mysore state was __________
(Krishnaraja Wodiyar IV).

60)Who were served as the Diwans of Jayachamaraja Wodiyar?
Mirza Ismail, Nyapti Madhavrao, Arcot Ramaswamy Mudaliar.

61)In which family was Dondia Wagh born?
(Born in Maratha family of Channagiri)

62)People call Dondia Wagh as ‘Wagh’. Why was he called so?
Because of his bravery people called him as ‘Wagh’.

63)In Marathi, ‘Wagh’ means ______
(the tiger)

64)In which post did Dondia Wagh join Hyderali’s army?
Dondia Wagh became a cavalry soldier in the Hyderabadi army, and later became a military general.

65)How did Dondia Wagh organize his army?OR Who were in Dondia Wagh’s army?
Dondia Wagh organized unhappy soldiers of Tippu’s army, feudatory rulers into his army.

66) Who decided to end the rebells of Dondia Wagh?

(Wellesley)

67) Finally, British attacked on Dondia Wagh at this place _______
(Yapalaperavi)

68) British killed Dondia Wagh at this place _______

(At Konagal)

69) Against which British policy, did Kittur Rani Chennamma rebell?
Rebelled against the ‘Doctrine of Lapse Policy’.

70) Kittoor is located between these two towns __________
(Lies between Belagam and Dharwad)

71)During the reign of Kittur Chennamma, the Collector and Political Agent of Dharwad was _______
(Thackeray)

72) Kittur was attacked again under the leadership of ___________
(Colonel Deak)

73) The British kept Rani Chennamma in the prison of __________
(In Bylahongala Fort)

74) Whose name has remained famous along with the name of Rani Chennamma?
(The name of Sangolli Rayanna)

75) Which were the places of Sangolli Rayanna’s operations?
Nandagada, Khanapura and Sampagavi.

76) What were Sangolli Rayanna’s immediate aims?

Looting of taluk offices and treasury were the aims of Sangolli Rayanna.

77)Why did British move Chennamma to Kusugall prison in Bylahongala?
The British thought that Sangolli Rayanna was being instigated by Rani Chennamma. So they shifted Chennamma to the Kusugal prison in Bailahongala.

78) What plot did the British hatch to capture Rayanna?
The British encouraged Desais, who were opposing Rani Chennamma.

79) Which Amaldara joined hands with the British to capture Rayanna?
(Amaldar Krishna Raya)

80) When and where was Rayanna hanged by the British?
(At Nandagad in 1831)

81) During which period did Amarsulya Rebellion took place?
(Between 1835-37)

82) Which event created political unrest in Kodagu?
Chikkavirarajendra of Haleri dynasty who was ruling Kodagu was deposed by the British in 1834. This created political unrest in Kodagu.

83) Where did the British take the deposed Chikkaveerarajendra?
British Transported Chikkaveerarajendra to Vellore via Bangalore and then to Kashi.

84) Who organized rebellion against overthrow of Chikkaveerarajendra? OR Who started rebellion against the British in Kodagu Rebelled?
Swami Aparampara, Kalyanaswami and Puttabasappa.

85) Who became the leader of the rebellion in Kodagu after the overthrow of Chikkaveerarajendra?
(Swami Aparampara)

86) When were Swami Aparampara and Kalyanaswamy arrested?

Swami Aparampara was arrested in 1835 and Kalyanaswamy in 1837.

87) In which prison was Kalyanaswamy kept?
(In Mysore Jail)

88) Which were the major places of Amarsulya Rebellion?
(Sulya, Bellare & Puttur)

89) Who continued the rebellion after Kalyanaswamy’s capture?
(The people of lowe Kodagu)

90)Who did the farmer of Sulya choose as Kalyanaswami?
They chose a farmer named Puttabasappa from Samanisanthe of Kodagu as Kalyanaswami.
 

92)What was the first (major) step of Kodagu Rebellion?
Seizing the government office in Bellare and arresting the government officials was the first (major) step of the Kodagu rebellion.

93) Which event increased Puttabasappa’s popularity? OR Which incident gave widespread publicity and support to the Kodagu Rebellion?

(Puttabasappa killed an Amaldar who was harassing people around Sulya.)

94) How did the British arrest Puttabasappa and his companions?

(In collaboration with locals in Kodagu)

95) Who was hanged along with Puttabasappa?
Lakmappa, Bangarasa, Kedambadi Ramayya Gowda and Guddemane Appiah were hanged along with Puttabasappa.

96)Where is Surapura located now?
Surpura is located about 50 km from the present Yadagiri.

97) During whose reign, did the anti-British rebellion start in Surpur?
During Venkatappa Nayaka’s time, anti-British rebellion start in Surpur.

98) Father of Venkatappanayaka of Surpura was _______

(Krishnappanayaka)

99)Who was appointed as the Political Agent of Surpur by the British?
(Meadows Taylor)

100) How did the British gain indirect control over Surpur?
By using the political confusion of Surpura, the British appointed Meadows Taylor as Political Agent. By doing this, the British gained indirect control over Surpur.

101) Why did the British find Venkatappa of Surapura suspicious?
A rumor spread that representatives of Nanasaheb, the leader of the 1857 rebellion, were in Surpura. So the British found Venkatappa Nayaka suspicious.

102) Which officer was appointed by the British to report on Vekatappa Nayaka’s administration?
Appointed officer named Campbell.

103)What did Campbell report about Venkatappa Nayaka in his report?
Campbell submitted a report that Nayaka was involved in maladministration.

104) To whom did Campbell submit his report?
(He submitted his report to the resident of Hyderabad)

105) Who is generally described by historians as the leader of the revolution of 1857 in the history of Karnataka?

(Venkatappa Nayaka of Surapura)

106) The year the British captured Surpur was _________
_
(1858)

107) Koppal state was under administrative control of ________ Under the administrative control of the Nizam of Hyderabad.

108) Why did the zamindars of Koppal rise against the Nizam of Hyderabad?

The province was exploited by the Nizam of Hyderabad. Hence the zamindars of Koppal rose against the Nizam of Hyderabad.

109) Prominent among the Zamindars of Koppal who rose up against the Nizam of Hyderabad was _______

(Veerappa)

110)Where is Halagali?

It is located in Mudhola Taluk of Bagalkote District.

111)Which other bedas joined with the bedas of Halagali?
Bedas of Manturu, Bedas of Boodni, Bedas of Alagundi joined.

112)How did the British put an end to the Halagali Rebellion?
The British ruthlessly crushed the rebellion and put an end to the Halagali rebellion by hanging them.

ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS.

1) What caused most parts of Karnataka to rebel against the British?
1. The British, who came for trade, started to dominate India politically.
2. They started exploiting people in the field of trade and agriculture.
3. This created instability in many places including Karnataka.
4. Local kings experienced political instability. Hence, most parts of Karnataka started rebelling against the British.

2) How did the Wodiyar dynasty begin?

1. A man named Chamaraja was ruling the province of Hadinadu in Mysore.
2. He died without sons.
3. At that time Dalavai named Maranayaka of Karugalli was ruling the state.
4. He demanded the Chamaraja’s Queen to marry her daughter to him.
5. Meanwhile, Yaduraya from Dwaraka killed Maranayaka.
6. Pleased queen married her daughter to Yaduraya and gave the kingdom. In this way, the Wodiyar dynasty founded.

3) Describe the achievements of the Raja Wodiyar.
1. He made Mysore, which was a small Paleyapattu, into a big state.
2. He made Srirangapatna his capital.
3. He restored the temples of Srirangapatna, Mysore and Melukote.
4. He presented ‘Rajamudi’ to Melukote Cheluvanarayan Swami.
5. He started Navaratri festival in Mysore.
6. He expanded his kingdom by conquering many surrounding areas.

4)“The18th century in Indian History is considered as The century of political problems”. – Justify.
1. Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb died in 1707.

2. This weakened the Mughal empire.
3. Hence, Mughals lost their political control over South India.
4. A lot of political struggle started in Carnatic region.
5. Death of Chikkadevaraja Wodiyar created political challenges in Mysore.
6. British and the French used these circumstances for their advantage. So, the 18th century in Indian history is called the ‘Century of Political Problems’.

5)What were the consequences of Chikkadevaraja Wodiyar’s death?
1. It created the problem of succession.
2. The administration was collapsed.
3. These developments clouded Mysore politics.

6)Explain the causes of the First Anglo-Mysore War.

1. The prominance of Hyder Ali made British, Marathas and Nizam impatient.
2. So the British strated cunning plans.
3. The British made an alliance with the Marathas     and the Nizam.
4. But Hyderali broke this alliance.
5. In 1767 Hyderali sieged Arcot, leading to 1st Anglo-Mysore war.

7)Describe the lead (development) of First Anglo-Mysore War.
1. The war began with Hyderali laying siege to Arcot.
2. Battles were fought in Tiruchanapally, Thiruvannamalai, Ambur.
3. Hyderali suffered a temporary setback.
4. But, next his army reached Madras province.
5. This sent shockwaves to the British. 6. Hence the ‘Madras Treaty’ was signed & war was finished.

8)Why did the British inevitably signed the ‘Madras Treaty’ with Hyderabad?
1. Hyder Ali considered the war with the British as his prestige.
2. His army reached the territory of Madras.
3. This sent shockwaves to the British.
4. Hence the British inevitably signed the ‘Madras Treaty’ with Hyder Ali.

9)What were the causes of Second Anglo-Mysore War?
1. British tried to break the ‘Madras Treaty’.
2. When the Marathas invaded Srirangapatna, Hyder Ali sought the help of the British.
3. But the British did not help Hyder Ali.
4. Mahe, which was controlled by Hyder Ali, was captured by the British. – These two events led to the 2nd Anglo-Mysore War.

10) How did Hyder Ali and Tippu strengthen the economic system of the state?

1. For this they formulated many policies.
2. Sandalwood, tobacco etc. were monopolized by the state.
3. Traditional handicrafts of Mysoreplanned to provide International market.
4. French experts were called for this.

11)What made Wellesley even more hostile towards Tipu? OR What were the reasons for the 4th Anglo-Mysore war?
1. During his tenure Tippu was intensified his anti-political activities.
2. He tried to form an alliance with local rulers against the British.
3. He was friendly with the French. 4. He sent an ambassador to France to seek their
alliance.
5. Tippu rejected Wellesley’s ‘Subsidiary Alliance System’.

12)What were the achievements of C. Rangacharlu?

1. He started the Mysore Representative Assembly.
2. In 1881, he started a gold mine in Kolar.
3. In 1882, he started the Bangalore-Mysore railway.
4. He was an efficient administrator and liberal minded.

13)What were the achievements of K. Seshadri Iyer?
1. Improved the financial condition of Mysore.
2. Built many new railways.
3. Started Mysore Civil Service Examination.
4. Paid more attention to irrigation agriculture.
5. Started Maharani Girls high school in Mysore.
5. He had a vast experience of having worked in different positions.

14)What were the achievements of the Jayachamaraj Wodiyar-X?
1. During his time, Rangacharlu and K Seshadri Iyer were Diwans.
2. Both of them completed many popular programs.
3. He helped Swami Vivekananda, who had come to Mysore.
4. He had a love towards Sanskrit and Kannada.
5. He patronised many scholars like Basappa Shastri.

15)What were the actions done by Krishnaraja Wodiyar-IV for education?
1. He was very interested in spreading education widely among the citizens.
2. Education fees were abolished in all primary schools.
3. A lot of help was given to the education of girls.
4. Started Mysore University.
5. He started scholarship for studying abroad.
6. He established the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore.

16) What were the large and small scale industries established by Krishnaraja Wodiyar- IV?
1. Iron and Steel Factory in Bhadravati
2. Cement Factory in Bhadravati
3. Paper Factory in Bhadravati
4. Sugar Factory in Mandya
5. Sandalwood Oil Factory in Mysore
6. A soap factory in Bangalore
7. Chemicals and Fertilizers Factory in Belagola

17) Write a note: Jayachamaraja Wodiyar
1. He ascended the throne after Krishnaraja Wodiyar-IV.
2. He toured the world and got good knowledge.
3. Mirza Ismail, Napthi Madhavrao, Arcot Ramaswamy served as Dewans.
4. He was a great scholar, musicologist, orator, patron of literature and fine arts.
5. He wrote many books and composed devotional songs.
6. He became the governor of Mysore after India became Independent.

18)Why did Chennamma kill Thackeray?
1. Chennamma adopted a boy named Shivalingappa.
2. At that time Thackeray was the Collector and Political Agent of Dharwad.
3. He reported Chennamma’s adoption to the Governor of Bombay.
4. He tried to conquer Kittur.
5. Then Chennamma’s army in return attacked the British.
6. In this fight Thackeray was shot dead.

19)Which event shows the dynamics of the Kodagu Rebellion?
A farmer from Sulya chose a farmer named Puttabasappa from Samanyasantha in Kodagu as Kalyanaswami. Later Puttabasappa called himself Swami Aparampara. This incident shows the dynamics of the rebellion in Kodagu.

20)What was the reason for the British to take interest (interfere) in the politics of Surapura?

1. After the death of Krishnappa Nayaka, Venkatappa became the Nayaka.
2. But Venkatappa Nayaka’s brother Peddanayaka opposed it.
3. This resulted in internal struggles.
4. Hence the British appointed Meadows Taylor as the political agent of Surapura. – In this way, the British became interested in the politics of Surpur.

21) What was the role of Meadows Taylor in the development of Surpur? OR What was the role of Meadows Taylor in the development works of Surapura?
1. He appointed Peddanayaka as Diwan of Surpur.
2. He conducted a land survey.
3. Surpur’s income increased due to his policies.
4. Venkatappa gave Nayaka a proper education.

23) How did Veerappa, the zamindar of Koppal, fight against the British? OR Describe the Koppala Rebellion against the British.
1. Veerappa stood up against the exploitations of Nizam of Hyderabad.
2. He conquered Koppala and nearby forts.
3. Farmers and zamindars of Koppal helped Veerappa.
4. But the British deployed troops along with the Nizam.
5. Veerappa fought hard, but died.
6. Although this rebellion was short-lived, Veerappa’s struggle gained importance.

24)Why did the Baders of Halagali rebel against the British?
1. In 1857, the British banned arms.
2. This law was applied everywhere.
3. The Halagali Bedas used guns for hunting for
4. They were unwilling to surrender their guns to the British. Thus, the Bedas of Halagali broke out against the British.

25) Describe the Halagali Beda rebellion against the British.
1. Halagali is located in Mudhola Taluk of Bagalkote District.
2. The Bedars were using guns for hunting for generations.
3. But in 1857, the British banned arms.
4. The Halgali Bedas opposed this and rebelled against the British.
5. The Bedas of Manturu, Boodni and Alagundi also joined the Halagali Bedas.
6. The British crushed Bedas mercilessly and crushed the rebellion.

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