POEM: – LOCHINVAR
SIR WALTER SCOTT
II. About Sir Walter Scott
Sir Walter Scott, in full Sir Walter Scott, 1st Baronet, (born August 15, 1771, Edinburgh, Scotland—died September 21, 1832, Abbotsford, Roxburgh, Scotland), Scottish novelist, poet, historian, and biographer who is often considered both the inventor and the greatest practitioner of the historical novel. Born in Edinburgh, Scotland, influential novelist, poet, and historian, and biographer Sir Walter Scott studied law as an apprentice to his father before his writing career flourished. At age 25, he published his first work, The Chase, and William and Helen (1796), a translation of two Romantic ballads by the German balladeer G.A. Bürger. In 1799, he was appointed sheriff depute of the county of Selkirk, and he held this position for the rest of his life. In 1806, he was appointed clerk to the Court of Session in Edinburgh. Scott became an instant best seller with historical narrative poems like The Lay of the Last Minstrel (1805), followed by The Lady of the Lake (1810), Rokeby (1813), and The Lord of the Isles (1815). He also wrote immensely successful historical novels. Waverley, which he published anonymously in 1814, is now considered the first historical novel in Western literature. This story revolves around the Jacobite Rebellion of 1745. Scott‘s many other novels include Ivanhoe (1819), The Heart of Midlothian (1818), Rob Roy (1817), The Antiquary (1816), and Guy Mannering (1815).
V. Question & Answers
1. Describe the coming of Lochinvar from the west.
2. What difficulties does he brave on the way to Netherby Hall?
Ans: – Lochinvar sets out from the West to Netherby Hall where the wedding of his beloved Ellen is about to take place. On his way he encounters brakes, stones and the Eske River. However, he does not stay for brake or stop for stone, and he swims across the Eske River bravely.
3. What does Scott say about the Eske River?
Ans: – Eske is a river in Ireland flowing through the borderlands. On his way to Netherby Hall, Lochinvar comes to the Eske River. Sir Walter Scott says that Lochinvar swims the Eske at a place where there are no shallow parts which can be crossed easily.
4. How does Scott describe the bridegroom?
Ans: – Sir Walter Scott describes the bridegroom as a laggard in love and a dastard in war. He is a coward who says nothing when Lochinvar boldly enters the Netherby Hall. When Lochinvar dances with Ellen, he stands helplessly dangling his bonnet and plume.
5. What does Lochinvar say about love?
Ans: – Lochinvar says that love swells like the Solway but ebbs like its tide. Hence his love is a lost love. The tidal waves in the Solway sea in-let rises and sinks quickly. Similarly, if love is not properly nurtured, it will die out quickly.
6. How does Ellen run away with Lochinvar?
Ans: – During their dance, Lochinvar and Ellen reach the hall door. He touches her hand and whispers something into her ear. Then he swings first Ellen and then himself onto his horse back and rides away swiftly, triumphantly exulting ―She is won!‖.
7. How does the Netherby clan respond to Lochinvar riding away with Ellen?
Ans: – As Lochinvar skillfully abducts Ellen, the members of the Netherby clan mount on their horses and chase them. They race and chase Lochinvar and Ellen on Cannobie Lee but their efforts go futile. They never manage to see their lost bride again.
8. How does Walter Scott describe young Lochinvar?
Ans: – Lochinvar is a brave young knight who sets out from West Scotland to Netherby Hall where the wedding of his beloved Ellen is about to take place. Scott describes him as faithful and daring in love, and fearless in war. Gallant knights like Lochinvar are so unique and so rare.
9. Where was the Lochinvar going? Why was he in such a hurry?
Ans: – Lochinvar was going to the Netherby hall in marriage ceremony of fair Ellen. Lochinvar loves Ellen but Ellen‘s father has forced Ellen to marry somebody else. Ellen, that day is getting married at the Netherby Hall. So, Lochinvar is in a hurry to reach there.
10. Describe the exchange that took place between the bride’s father and Lochinvar, when the latter entered Netherby Hall.
Ans: – When Lochinvar entered the Netherby Hall, the bride‘s father stopped him and asked him whether Lochinvar had come there to have a war with them or he had come there in a peaceful and jovial mood to dance at the marriage party .Lochinvar‘s replied was that he had loved Ellen at one time but then the love had decreased like a low tide .Many young beautiful women in Scotland are eager to marry him .So, Lochinvar had come there to dance and have a cup of wine at the party.
11. Did Lochinvar mean what he said?
Ans: – No, Lochinvar did not mean what he said because he still loved Ellen and he had come to take her away along with him.
12. What did young Lochinvar tell the bride?
Ans: – The young Lochinvar drank the wine which the bride had offered him .He then took her safe hand and asked her to dance with him.
13. How did the bride’s parents react to Lochinvar’s action?
Ans: – Ellen‘s mother wanted to stop Ellen from dancing with Lochinvar, but she could not so both the parents fumed in anger.
14. When Lochinvar and bride began to dance, what did the bridesmaid said?
Ans: – When Lochinvar and the bride began to dance, the bridesmaid whispered that it could have been better if their fair cousin was married with the young Lochinvar.
15. How did Lochinvar manage to ride off with his lady love?
Ans: – While dancing with Ellen, young Lochinvar whispered something to Ellen‘s ear and they both reached the hall‘s door .The horse of Lochinvar was standing near the door. Lochinvar very easily put Ellen on horseback and he himself sat in front of her. Then they both rode away from there.
16. What happened after Lochinvar rode away with the bride?
Ans: – When Lochinvar rode away with the bride, soldiers from Netherby Hall chased them on the order of Ellen‘s father .The soldiers‘ persued Lochinvar through many villages. There was racing and chasing on Connobie Lee but they were not able to catch the couple.
17. What question does Ellen’s father raise to Lochinvar and how does he reply?
Ans: – When Lochinvar boldly enters the Netherby Hall where the wedding of his beloved Ellen takes place, the cowardly bridegroom says nothing. With his hand on his sword, the bride‘s father asks him if he has come there in peace or war or to dance at their bridal feast. Lochinvar quietly states he has long wooed Ellen, but since his suit has been denied, his love has died out like the falling tide of Solway. Hence he has come with his lost love to dance but one measure and drink one cup of wine. He even boasts that there are many lovelier maidens in Scotland glad to be his bride. The reply, however, is a deliberate ploy by Lochinvar to trick the bride‘s family into believing that he has no hidden motives so that he can abduct her cleverly, without a fight.
18. Comment on the people’s response to Lochinvar’s presence at Netherby Hall and the lovers’ dance.
Ans: – When Lochinvar boldly enters the Netherby Hall where the wedding of his beloved Ellen takes place, the cowardly bridegroom says nothing. With his hand on his sword, the bride‘s father asks him if he has come there in peace or war or to dance at their bridal feast. As Lochinvar dances with Ellen, the stateliness of his form and the loveliness of her face impress the guests. They feel that the Netherby Hall is lucky to have witnessed such a graceful dance. Meanwhile, Ellen‘s mother frets, her father fumes and the bridegroom stands helplessly dangling his bonnet and plume. The bride-maidens whisper that it would have been much better to have matched their Ellen with young Lochinvar.
19. Describe Lochinvar’s elopement with Ellen and its consequences.
Ans: – In reply to the question posed to him by Ellen‘s father, Lochinvar says that since his suit has been denied, his love has died out like the falling tide of Solway. Hence he has come with his lost love to dance but one measure and drink one cup of wine. This reply tricks the bride‘s family into believing that he has no intentions to disrupt the bridal feast. Then during their dance, as Lochinvar and Ellen reach the hall door, he touches her hand and whispers something into her ear. He swings first Ellen and then himself onto his horse back and rides away swiftly, triumphantly exulting ―She is won! We are gone‖. The Netherby clan mounts on their horses and race and chase Lochinvar and Ellen on Cannobie Lee but their efforts go futile. They never manage to see their lost bride again.
20. Describe the appearance, gestures and attitudes of Lochinvar and Ellen at Netherby Hall.
Ans: – Lochinvar is described as faithful and daring in love, and fearless in war. Gallant knights like Lochinvar are so unique and so rare. He appears ―dauntless‖, ―bold‖, ―stately‖ and ―daring‖. While he is presented as active and bold, Ellen is portrayed as passive and helpless. She appears weak and malleable. She is described as ―fair‖, ―lovely‖, ―soft‖ and ―light‖. Unlike Lochinvar, she is not proactive or decisive. In Ellen‘s presence, Lochinvar insults her saying that there are lovelier maidens in Scotland waiting to be his bride. After drinking from the goblet she kisses for him, he throws it down. However, he reassures her of his love when he takes her soft hand and says they shall dance. During the dance, the stateliness of his form and the loveliness of her face impress the guests. They feel that the Netherby Hall is lucky to have witnessed such a graceful dance. To communicate his plan to elope, he touches her hand and whispers something into her ear. They make good their escape, without caring for the bridegroom, her parents or the guests.