Class 10 Social Textbook Solutions

INDIA –GEOGRAPHICAL POSITION & PHYSICAL FEATURES – Class 10 Social Textbook Solutions

 GEOGRAPHY CHAPTER – 10
INDIA –GEOGRAPHICAL POSITION & PHYSICAL FEATURES
(TEXT BOOK QUESTIONS)

FILL IN THE BLANKS.

1. The name ‘INDIA’ is delivered from the river _______
(Indus)

2. The total area of India is _________ sq. kms.
(32,87,263)

3. In the central part of India ________ North latitude passes.
(Tropic of Cancer or 23½° North Latitude)

4. The country lies to the south of India is _________
(Shrilanka)

5. India has a coastal line of ___________ kms.
(6,100 kms)

6. India is divided into ___ major divisions.
(Four)

7. Greater Himalaya is also called _________
(Himadri)

8. The highest mountain peak in the world is ____________
(Mount Everest)

9. The North Indian plain is made up of __________ soil.
(alluvial)

10. The Western Ghats in Karnataka are also called ________

(Sahyadri) II

Answer the following questions:

1. In which part of the Asian continent is India situated?

(In the South-East part of Asia.)

2. In which hemisphere of the earth is India located?

(entirely in the northern hemisphere)

3. Which is the southern tip of mainland of India?

KANYAKUMARI

4. Which is the southernmost point of main land of India?

INDIRA POINT
(Pigmalian Point)

5. Which is the important latitude passes through Central India?
23½° North Latitude is the important latitude passes through Central India

6. In which island is Indira Point located?
Indira Point located is located in Nicobar Island.

7. What is the other name for the foothills of the Himalayas?
SIVALIK RANGE is the other name for the foothills of the Himalayas

8. Which is the recently-formed landmass in India?
SIVALIK RANGE is the recently-formed landmass in India.

9. What are the advantages of Himalayas?

1. It has a tremendous impact on the life of India.
2. They provide protection to India.
3. Prevents cold winds blowing from Siberian regions.
4. They are the birthplace of many rivers.
5. They facilitate hydro-electric power generation.
6. There are various flora and fauna.
7. There are immense mineral resources.
8. There are many tourist and religious centers.

10.Explain the extend of peninsular Plateau?

1. It is the largest of all physiographic divisions of India.
2. It stretches from the northern Aravali plain to Kanyakumari.
3. From the WESTERN GHATS in the west to RAJMAHAL HILLS in the east.
4. It is in TRIANGULAR SHAPE.

11.Write about the Shivalik range.
1. These are the MOST RECENT CREATIONS of Himalayas.
2. They have LESSER HIGHT.
3. They are also called the ‘FOOT HILLS OF THE HIMALAYAS’
4. These hills have many DUNES.

12.‘The Northern Plains are called DEPOSITED PLAINS’. Why?
The entire Northern plain is formed by the DEPOSITION OF ALLUVIAL SOILS brought by the rivers, which rises in the Himalayas. Hence the Northern Plains are called ‘DEPOSITED PALINS’.

13. Mention the differences between Western and Eastern Ghats.
table improtant image

ADDITIONAL LEARNING MATERIALS FOR HIGH SCORING..!!

1. Why do we call India – a ‘subcontinent’?
Because, we can observe different types of physical features, climate, vegetation, and people in India.

2. How did the name ‘Bharat’ come from?
The name ‘Bharat’ is derived from an ancient king ‘Bharata’.

3. India is the ________ largest country in the world in terms of geographical area.

(7th largest)

4. According to 2011 census, what is the population of India?
121 crores

5. Between which latitudes and longitudes does India extend?

Latitudes:-804’ to 3706’ North Latitude Longitudes:- 6807’ to 97025’ East Longitude

6. Which is the northernmost point of India?

Indira Coal of Jammu and Kashmir

7. What is the central longitude of India?
82½0 East longitude

8. On which longitude is the Indian Standard Time is based?

82½0 East longitude

9. Indian time is AHEAD of Greenwich Meantime by about __________ 5 Hours & 30 Minutes

10. What is the length of India’s land frontier?
15,200 kms

11. India shared land frontier with ____________ nations.
(SEVEN)

12. Which are the neighboring countries of India, that it shared its land frontiers? 

Pakistan, Afghanistan (Northwest) China, Nepal, Bhutan (Northern Province) Myanmar, Bangladesh (east)

13. Which is a southwest neighborhood country of India?

Maldives Islands 14. Which is the border line of India and Pakistan? ‘RADCLIFFE LINE’

14.Which is the border line of India and China?
‘Mc MOHAN LINE’

15.Which is the border line of India and Afghanistan?
‘DURRAND LINE’

16.What is the extension of the Himalayan range?
It begins at the PAMIR KNOT in the West & extends up to ARUNACHALA PRADESH in the East.

18.What is the length of the Himalayas?
2,500 kms

19.What are the three main ranges of the Himalayas?
1. SHIVALIK RANGE (foot hills of Himalaya)
2. THE HIMACHAL (Middle Himalaya)
3. THE GREATER HIMALAYAS (Himadri)

20.What are the ‘DUNES’?
Dunes are the NARROW STRIPS OF PLAINS OR VALLEYS in the Shivalik range.

21.Which are the major Dunes of the Himalayas?
DEHRADUNE, KOTA, KOTLI, PATLI CHAUKAMBA, UDHAMPUR

22.What is the width of Himachal?
About 60-80 kms

23.Which are the major parallel mountain ranges of the Himachal?

PIRPANJAL,MAHABHARATA RANGE,NAGTIBBA,MUSSOORIE

24.What are the major hill stations of Himachal (Middle Himalaya)?

Shimla, Darjeeling, Nainital, Ranikhet

25.Which was the earlier formed ranges of the Himalayas?
Greater Himalaya (Himadri)

26.The Greater Himalaya is known as’ Himadri’. Why?
Because it is completely covered with snow.

27.Which are the major peaks of the Greater Himalaya?
Mount Everest (8848 Meters), Kanchenjunga, Dhaualagiri, Nandadevi, Gowrishankar

28.Where is the Mount Everest?

Between NEPAL AND TIBET.

29.Which is the famous GLACIER OF THE HIMALAYAS?
GANGOTRI, the origin of River Ganga.

30.What is the origin of the river Ganga?

GANGOTRI

31.What is ‘TRANS HIMALAYAS’? 

It is the RANGE OF FOLD MOUNTAINS, lying to the north of the Greater Himalayas.

32. Which are the 3 major mountain ranges of ‘Trans Himalayas’?

1) Karakoram Range
2) Kailash Range
3) Godwin Austin (K2)

33.Which is the highest peak India?
Godwin Austin (K2) (8611mts)

34.Karakoram Range, Kailash Mountains & Ladakh Plateau are found in _______
(Outer Himalayas)

35.What is another name for the Northern Plains?
(Sutlej Ganga Plains)

36.Where did the Northern Plains extend from?
It extends from the Indus river plain in the west to the Brahmaputra valley in the east.

37. What is the length and breadth of the Northern Plains?
Length: 1.4 km Width: 1 to 3 km

38. What do you mean Babar, Bhangar and Khadar?
BABUR: – It is the deposit of rock, when the Himalayan rivers enter the plains. BHANGARH: – The loamy soil, formed in the ANCIENT TIMES. QADAR: The loamy soil, formed in the recent times.

39. Who exactly identified Mount Everest for the first time?
radhanath sikdar.

40. Which is the oldest & largest of India’s physiographic divisions?
peninsular plateau.

41. The Peninsular Plateau is a part of ________ landmass.
(gondwana)

42. Which is the highest point of South India?
anaimudi(2665 mts)

43. Which is the point where the Eastern and Western Ghats meet?
nilgiri hills.

44. What are the highest peaks of the Eastern Ghats?
armakonda & mahendragiri

45. What are the economic significance of the Peninsular plateau?
1. It has rich deposits of minarals.
2. Best suitable for hydro-electricity production.

46. What is the coastal plain?
A NARROW PLAIN found along the coast is called coastal plain.

47. Which are the two divisions of the Indian coast?
(West coast & East coast)

48. What are the major divisions of the west coast?

1. In Gujarat – ‘COAST OF GUJARAT’
2. In Goa. Maharashtra -‘KONKAN COAST’
3. In Karnataka – ‘CANARA COAST’
4. In Kerala – ‘MALABAR COAST’

49. What is the extend of west coast and the east coast?
WEST COAST: – From Kutch of Gujarat to Kanyakumari EAST COAST: – From Kanyakumari to River Ganga

50. What are the differences between the West Coast and the East Coast?

table improtant image

52. What are Lagoons?
Lagoons are salty, brackish-water lakes.

53. Which are the main lagoons on the east coast of India?

Chilka (Odissa), Pulicat (Tamil Nadu)

54. Which are the two divisions of East Coast?

1) Utkal Coast
2)Coromandel Coast

55. How many islands belong to India?

(247 islans)

56. Which island is made of rocky volcanic rock?

(ANDAMAN &NICOBAR ISLANDS)

57. Where is Indira Point located?

Indira Point is located in the Great-Nicobar Island.

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