Class 10 Social Textbook Solutions

INDIA – FOREST RESOURCES – Class 10 Social Textbook Solutions

GEOGRAPHY CHAPTER – 13
INDIA – FOREST RESOURCES
(TEXT BOOK QUESTIONS)

 FILL IN THE BLANKS. 

1. The forests found in Assam and Meghalaya are _______ of forests.

(Evergreen forests)

2. The Himalayas have _________ kind of forests.

(Alpine forests)

3. The Ganga river delta is also called ________
(Sunderbans)

4. Bannerughatta National Park is in _________ state.
(Karnataka)

5. In Sunderban forest ___________ trees are growing.

(Sundari trees)

II. ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS:

14. How much of area is under forests in India?
India has 6.9 lakh sq km of forest area.

15. Name any two National parks of Karnataka.

1. Bandipura National Park
2. Nagarahole National Park

16. What is natural vegetation?
The total plant life growing naturally in an area is called forest or natural vegetation.

17. What are the suggestions (METHODS) for conservations of forests?
1. Planting SAPLINGS.
2. Sowing SEEDS.
3. Controlling TREE DISEASES.
4. Preventing ILLEGAL CUTTING of trees.
5. AVOIDING GRAZING of domestic animals.
6. MOTIVATING PEOPLE to plant saplings.
7. Encourage the people to PROTECT the TREES.
8. Implementation of SOCIAL FORESTRY Scheme.

18. What is bio-diversity? 

Bio-diversity refers to the VARIETY OF LIVING SPECIES on earth,including plants, animals. Bacteria, fungi etc.

19. Explain the characteristics & distribution of deciduous forests in India. a CHARACTERISTICS:
1. They are most WIDELY DISTRIBUTED in India.
2. Due to the MONSOON CLIMATE IN INDIA, this forest is widespread.
3. It spread about 65.5% of India’s total forests.
4. It is found in areas receiving 75 to 250 cms of rainfall.
5. They shed their leaves during the dry winters.
6. Hence these forests are called ‘deciduous forests’.
DISTRIBUTION:
Deciduous forests in India are distributed in Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgad, Odisha, Jharkhand Maharashtra, Eastern slopes of the Western Ghats.     
7.What is Conservation of Forest? What are its significances?
(Why protect?) Protecting forests from man, animals and natural disasters is ‘forest conservation’.
IMPORTANCE OF FOREST CONSERVATION:
1. Forests are decreasing in India.
2. Forests provide clean air to the world.
3. Forests provide us with various products.
4. They keep the Earth’s temperature in balance.
5. They control the water cycle and make it rain.
6. Significantly prevent soil erosion.

ADDITIONAL LEARNING MATERIALS FOR HIGH SCORING..!!

1. Which ecological factors influence the natural vegetation?
1) Temperature
2) Rain
3) Landform
4) Soils

2.According to 2009 estimates, _______ percent of India’s geographical area is covered by forests.
(An average of 21.02%)

3. Natural vegetation (forests) of India can be divided into _____ types.

(SIX)

4. Where do we found evergreen forests in India?
Evergreen forests in India are found in areas, receive MORE THAN 250 CMS RAINFALL and NOT MORE THAN 900 MTS ABOVE SEA LEVEL.

5.Where do evergreen forests found in India?
They are found in WESTERN GHATS, ASSAM, MEGHALAYA, TRIPURA, MANIPUR, NAGALAND, ANDAMAN, NICOBAR AND LAKSHADWEEP.

6.Evergreen forests in India are spread over an area of _____ hectares.

(2.6 LAKH HECTARES)

7.How did the name ‘evergreen forest’ come out?
Since the trees are always green, they got the name of ‘evergreen forests’.

8.The most wide distributed forests in India are _
____
(Deciduous Monsoon Forests)

9.Deciduous monsoon forests in India are found in annual rainfall areas of _
___
(75 cm to 250 cm)

10.Deciduous Monsoon forests cover ______% of India’s total forests.

(65.5%)

11.Why are deciduous monsoon forests so widespread in India?
INDIA has a MONSOON CLIMATE. Hence the deciduous monsoon forests are widespread in India. 


12.Why are deciduous forests called by that name?

As they SHED THEIR LEAVES DURING THE DRY WINTERS, they are called as ‘deciduous forests’.

13.How much annual rainfall is receiving in tropical grassland?
(60 to 75cm)

14.Tall grass are found in ___________ forests.
(tropical grassland)

15.In which region of India, the Tropical grasslands are found?
The Tropical grasslands are found in Central Part of the Deccan Plateau, Borders of the Thar Desert to West of the Aravalli Mountains.

16.Which trees are found in Tropical Grassland?
BABOOL, SEESUM AND SABHAI TYPE OF GRASS are found in Tropical Grassland.

17.In which place, the Mangrove forests are mainly found?
They are found along the deltas and coastal regions and estuaries of rivers.

18.Where do we find mangrove forests in India?
It is found in the RIVER DELTA of GANGA, MAHANADI, GODAVARI AND KRISHNA.

19.What is the area of mangrove forests in India?

About 4.4 thousand sq. km

20. How does mangrove forest formed?

Mangrove forest are formed DUE TO TIDES.

21.The forest found in less than 50cm of annual rainfall is _____
(DESERT FOREST).

22. Where do we find desert forests in India?
The Thar Desert in Rajasthan, it’s adjoining areas in Punjab, Haryana, Gujarat.

23. What is the specialty of desert forests?

1. They are DEEP ROOTED plants.
2. They consist mainly of THORNY SHRUBS.

24. In which type of forest, different types of forests are found?

In Alpine forests of Himalayas.

25. Why are different types of forests found in Alpine forests of Himalayas?
As the height increases, the TROPICAL TYPE OF CLIMATE CHANGES INTO THE POLAR TYPE OF CLIMATE. Hence different types of forests are found according to these climates.

26. What are the important trees found in Alpine forests of Himalayas?
Trees like SAL, BYRA, TOON, SILVER SPRUCE, LAUREL are found here.

27. What is special about the leaves of Alpine forests of Himalayas?

They have POINTED LEAVES.

28. The state with the most forests in India is _______
(Madhya Pradesh)

29. The state with least forests in India is ______
_
(Haryana)

30. Karnataka ranks _______ in terms of forest area in India.
(13th)

31. What is the intension of wildlife sanctuaries?
Wildlife sanctuaries are built to PROTECT ANIMALS in their NATURAL HABITAT.

32. The number of wildlife sanctuaries in India     today is ___
_____
(523).

33. The first national park to be established in Indiais __________________
(Jim Corbett National Park, Uttaranchal)

34. Why Biosphere Reserves have been set up in India?
In order to PRESERVE the BIODIVERSITY of FLORA & FAUNA IN INDIA, the Biosphere Reserves have been started.

35. The number of Biosphere Reserves in India is _________
_
(18)

36. List the major Biosphere Reserves of India

Nilgiri, Nandadevi, Nokrek, GreatNicobar, gulf of Mannar, Manas, Sunderbans, Similipal, Kanchenaganga, Amarkantaka, Cold Desert of Himachal Pradesh, Panna and Seshachalam.

37. Which is the first Biosphere Reserve of India?
(Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve)

38. Total number of NATIONAL PARKS in India is _______
(99)

39. Total number of BOTANICAL GARDENs in India is______
(70)

40. Total number of ZOOS in India is ____
___
(275)

ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS

1. What are the types of natural vegetation (forests) found in India?
1. Evergreen forests
2. Deciduous monsoon forests
3. Tropical grasslands  
4. Mangrove forests
5. Desert vegetation
6. Alpine forests of Himalayas

2.Write a note – EVERGREEN FORESTS.
1. Found in areas with high rainfall above 250 cms&less than 900 mts sea level.
2. Spread over Western Ghats, North Eastern States, Andaman & Nicobar & Lakshadweep.
3. It occupies an area of 2.6 lakh hectares in India.
4. These forests are always green.

3.Write a note on – TROPICAL GRASSLAND FORESTS
1. It is seen with 60 TO 75 CM RAINFALL areas.
2. TALL GRASSare found and SMALL HERBS are rarely found.
3. Located on the edge of the THAR DESERT, central part of the DECCAN PLATEAU.
4. BABOOL, SEESUM, SABHAI grasses grow here.

4.Write a note on – Mangrove forests
1. These forests are formed due to TIDES.
2. They are found in RIVER DELTAS &ESTUARIES OF RIVERS.
3. Found in the RIVER DELTA of Ganga, Mahanadi, Godavari and Krishna.
4. The forests of the Ganga basin are called ‘SUNDERBANS’
5. They have spread over 4.4 thousand sq. kms.

5. Write a note – Desert forests

1. It is found in annual rainfall of less than 50 cm.
2. Found in Thar Desert of Rajasthan, some areas of Punjab, Haryana, Gujarath.
3. These trees are havingDEEP ROOTS.
4. Consists of THORNY SHRUBS.

6. Write a note – Alpine forests of Himalayas
1. VARIOUS TYPES OF FORESTS are found in the Himalayas.
2. Climates range from TROPICAL to POLAR, as height of the mountain increases.
3. DIFFERENT TYPES OF FORESTS ARE FOUND according to these climates.
4. SAL, BYRA, TOON, SILVER SPRUCE, LAUREL are the main trees.
5. These trees have POINTED LEAVES.

7. Explain the distribution of forests in India.
1. According to scientists, any area should have AT LEAST 33% FORESTS.
2. But the area of FOREST AREA IN INDIA IS VERY LESS.
3. MADHYA PRADESH has large area under forests.
4. HARYANA has the lowest forests.
5. Karnataka is in 13TH POSITION.

8. What are the reasons for the continuous DECLINE OF FORESTS in India?OR What are the causes of forest destruction in India?
1. Expansion of AGRICULTURAL FIELDS.
2. Increasing ANIMAL-GRAZING.
3. Construction of ROADS AND RAILWAYS.
4. Construction of IRRIGATION PROJECTS.
5. Because of FOREST FIRES.
6. Increasing MINING.

9. List the major wildlife sanctuaries of India.
1. Tamil Nadu: Annamalai Wildlife Sanctuary, Coimbatore, Nilgiri
2. West Bengal : Madarihaat, Jaldapara
3. Rajasthan: Bharatpur, Kivola Divo Bird Sanctuary
4. Haryana : Sultanpur, Goregaon
5. Punjab :Birmotibagh, Patiala
6. Andhra Pradesh : Guntur, Nagarjun Sagar

10. List the main NATIONAL PARKS of India.
1) Kaziranga National Park – Assam
2) Sundarbans – West Bengal (24 Paragana district)
3) Hazaribagh National Park – Bihar
4) Gir National Park – Gujarat
5) Kanha National Park – Madhya Pradesh
6) Tandova National Park – Maharashtra

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