Class 10 Social Textbook Solutions

CHALLENGES OF INDIA & THEIR REMIDIES – Class 10 Social Textbook Solutions

 POLITICAL SCIENCE CHAPTER: 6
CHALLENGES OF INDIA & THEIR REMIDIES (TEXT BOOK QUESTIONS)

FILL IN THE BLANKS. 

1. Developing deep attachment with the place of living is called __________

(Regionalism)

2. Linguistic states have been created in __________ in India.
1956

3. In Karnataka, there is ________ to curb corruption.
(ANTI CORRUPTION BUREAU – (A.C.B)

4. Population of India has crossed _________ crores as per 2011 census.
(121)

5. Getting more profits from consumers is called as ________

(Profiteering)

ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS.

1. Communalism is harmful to national progress. How?
1. Creates religious division in society.
2. Creates mutual distrust and fear.
3. Leads to social groupism.
4. Creates economic antagonism.
5. Leads political rivalry.
6. Disrupts our national unity & integrity.
7. Propagates hate philosophy.
8. Leads to social unrest.
9. Leads to loss of life & property.

2. Regionalism is against the National Development. Discuss.
1. It will cause inter state-border issues.
2. Leads to river water disputes.
3. It is against the national interests.
4. It leads to linguistic fanatism.
5. It hampers the unity of nation.
6. It leads to regional struggles.
7. It leads to rivalry among the states.

3. What are the measures to spread literacy?

1. ‘SarvaShikshaAbhiyana’ has been launched.
2. ‘National Literacy Mission’ has also been started.
3. ‘SaksharaBharath’ program has been introduced.
4. Right To Education-2009 has been started.
5. Education is made as fundamental right.
6. Compulsory free education has been implemented.
7. Priority given to physically challenged.
8. Priority to girls education & women awareness.

4. What are the suggestions to improve the position of women?
1. Govt has started Women & Child Development Department.
2. Women education has been emphasized.
3. Prohibition Of Child Marriage Act is implemented.
4. Dowry Prohibition Act is launched.
5. Karnataka govt started ‘Stree Shakthi’ program.
6. Loan & subsidy for Women Self-Employment.
7. Women Commissions are started.
8. Women Reservation kept for elections & Govt jobs.

5. Population is deemed as deemed as human resources- Explain.
1. It can be used for the progress of the country.
2. It is essential for the use of natural resources.
3. It helps the development of agriculture.
4. It supports the industrial development.
5. Exports and imports turn up.
6. Opening of new employment opportunities.
7. Overcomes the working class shortage.
8. It supports the implementation of government schemes.

6. What are the plans to eradicate poverty?
1. BPL cards are issued.
2. Five year plans are implemented.
3. Govt started Javahar Rozgar Yojana.
4.ImplementedPradhan Manthri GramodayaYojana.
5. Started Rural Employment Guarantee Program.
6. Proper utilization of Natural Resources.
7. Implementation of Public Distribution System
8. (Sandhya Suraksha Scheme, Widow Pay Scheme, Atal Bihari Pension Scheme, Udyoga Khaathri Planning, Ashraya Yojane, Annabhagya Yojane, IRDP) (ANY 6 POINTS)

7. What is meant by smuggling? What are your suggestions to control it?
Smuggling is to bring the goods from abroad without paying any import duty to the government.
CONTROL MEASURES.

1. By encouraging domestic substitutions.
2. Modulation of domestic markets.
3. Controlling prices.
4. Proper Export-Import Policy.
5. Strict Coastal Vigilance Service.
6. Imposition of strict punishment.
7. Signing inter-state trade agreements.
8. Creating proper awareness among the people.
9. Social boycott of smuggled goods.

8. “Profiteering brings loss both for producer and consumer”. How do you justify this statement? OR what are the disadvantages of profiteering?

1. It creates inequality.
2. It enhances poverty.
3. It encourages crimes in society.
4.It corrupts society.
5. Leads to unethical business.
6. It will cause inflation.
7. Income will accumulateamong very few people.

ADDITIONAL LEARNING MATERIALS FOR HIGH SCORING..!

1. What are the challenges of India facing today?
1. Communalism
2. Regionalism
3. Illiteracy  
4. Corruption
5. Status of Women
6. Economic Inequality
7. Over-population
8. Poverty

2. What are the proper solutions for PROBLEMS (CHALLENGES) OF OUR COUNTRY?
1. Proper legislative reforms.  
2. Able administrations.
3. Impartial judicial system.
4. Proper public support.

3. How can communalism be controlled? OR What precautions can be taken to control communalism?
1. Enforcement of uniform legal system.
2. Equal treatment of all citizens.
3. Practice of secularism in public life.
4. Providing secular education.
5. Giving Public awareness.
6. Stress on healthy media.
7. Strong political determination.
8. Furtherance of national feeling.

4. What are the causes of Regionalism?
1. Regional historical background.
2. Existing social systems.
3. Economic considerations.
4. Cultural diversities of community.
5. Geographical aspects. 6. Linguistic fanaticism.

5. What are the constitutional ways of solutions for Regionalism? OR What are the remedial measures for Regionalism?

1. Enacted single national citizenship.
2. Our Constitution adopted federal structure.
3. Our preamble declares, “WE THE PEOPLE OF INDIA”
4. It will stresses Indian nationalism.
5. There is ample opportunity for regional growth.
6. The union govt launched many projects for development of North-East States.
7. States are given autonomy to maintain provincial balance.

6. What is the ROLE OF KARNATAKA in curbing REGIONALISM/PAROCHIALISM?
1. Karnataka has been given special priority for this.
2. Dr. D. M. Nanjundappa Committee has been started.
3. Malenadu Development Committee is also started.
4. Hyderabad Karnataka Development Committee have been formed.

7. What are the causes of illiteracy?
1. Poverty.   
2. Migration.
3. Child Labour.   
4. Child Marriage.
5. Using other children for child care.
6. Lack of interest in education.

8. What are the negative effects of CORRUPTION?
1. Leads to bribery.
2. Leads to nepotism, casteism.
3. Leads to red tapism.
4. Disadvantages during the election.
5. Leads to organized crimes.
6. Leads to white collared crime.
7. Leads to tax evasion.
8. Leads to hording.
9. Leads to smuggling.

9. What are the crimes come under the practice of corruption?
1. Tax-Evasion
2. Hording
3. Smuggling
4. Misappropriation
5. Fraud
6. Violation of Foreign Exchange Rules
7. Professional misconduct

10. On which THREE ASPECTS, the LEVEL OF CORRUPTION is largely depended?
1. Individual sense of value.
2. The set of socially accepted values as a whole.
3. The system of administration.

11. List the FACTORS that led to CORRUPTION.

1. Human selfishness.
2. Calculation of risk factors.
3. The purpose of personal gain.
4. Lack of strict supervision.
5. Weak legal system. 6. Lack of strong political will.

12. How can CORRUPTION be PREVENTED?
1. Through Good political leadership
2. Appointing honest officers
3. By strengthening Lokpal and Lokayukta
4. Implementing strict punishments
5. Raising awareness in educational institutions
6. By adopting good conduct by social Leaders.
7. By a strong political will
8. Throughpublic cooperation

13. What are the FACTORS that contribute to ECONOMIC INEQUALITY? OR What are the REASONS for WIDENING THE GAP between rich and poor?

1. ‘High salary syndrome’ of private sectors.
2. The operation of MNCs. (Multi-National Companies)
3. The increasing segment of white collar jobs.
4. Profiteering.
5. Corruption.

14.What are the ways to ELIMINATE ECONOMIC INEQUALITY? OR How can it bring about economic equality in society? OR How to reduce the economic gap between the poor and the poor?

1. Through proper economic reforms.
2. Careful financial policies.
3. Healthy taxation system.
4. Implementation of land reforms.
5. Enforcing labour oriented policies.
6. Providing social security.
7. Proper regulations on large industries.
8. Development of small scale industries

15.What are the reasons for the RISE OF INDIA’S POPULATION?
1. Increasing birth rate
2. Decreasing death rate
3. Rise of long lively period.
4. Decrease of infant mortality.

16.What are the ways to SOLVE THE OVER- POPULATION PROBLEM?
1. Implementation of family welfare programs.
2. Adaptation of family planning.
3. The spread of literacy.
4. Providing technical training.
5. Development of agriculture.
6. Creation of employment opportunities.
7. Promotion of exports.
8. Implementation of effective national population policies.

17.What is the main REASONS FOR PROFITEERING?

1. Unchecked price-rise
2. Monopoly of Business houses.
3. Spread of Multi National Companies.
4. Unhealthy marketing practices.
5. Hording.
6. Black marketing.
7. Lack of proper price monitoring.

18.List the ways to CONTROL PROFITEERING.
1. Proper governmental regulations.
2. Control of price index.
3. Expansion of cooperative markets.
4. Proper taxation policy.

19. What are the GOVERNMENT SCHEMES for poverty alleviation?
1. Jawahar Rojgar Yojana
2. Rural Employment Guarantee Programe.
3. Pradhana Manthri Gramodaya Yojana

20. Smuggling is a fatal to the National interest. How?
1. Domestic industries suffer.
2. It affects the national economy.
3. The markets will suffer seriously.
4. It will harm the economy of the country.
5. Leading to undesirable economic activity.

21. What are the CRIMES involved in a network of CORRUPTION?

1. Tax-evasion
2. Hoarding
3. Smuggling
4. Misappropriation
5. Fraud
6. Violation of Foreign Exchange Rules
7. Professional misconduct

22. What are the CORRUPT PRACTICES come under CORRUPTION?

1. Bribery
2. Nepotism
3. Casteism
4. Red-Tapism

ANSWERS THE FOLLOWING.

1. What is COMMUNALISM?
It is the split of the whole national community on the basis of religion.

2. Which of the British Government policy has considered the interests of religious groups above national interest?

 ‘Divide & Rule Policy’

3. What is REGIONALISM?
Regionalism is the strong feeling of people in favour of their local area.

4. What is the adverse effect EXTREME REGIONALISM?
Extreme regionalism harms national unity and interests.

5. Why should people think about the progress of a whole country, along with the regional spirit?
If regional attitude is very high, it will threaten the national unity. Which line of the preamble of our constitution clearly STRESSES THE NATIONALISM? “We the people of India…”

6. What was the year of the Reorganization of India on linguistic basis?
On 1956

7. What happens, if extreme regionalism among the states are allowed to continue?

It will cause serious interstate border disputes, river water disputes.

8. What are the committees created in Karnataka to achieve regional balance?
1. Dr. D.M. Nanjudappa Committee
2. Malenadu Development Committee
3. Hyderabad Karnataka Development Committee

9. Who told, that “Democracy is only giving the opportunity to development of skills in equal”?
– Dr. S. Radhakrishna

10. What is the 2015’s UNO Millennium announcement?
Compulsory Primary Education & Gender Equality

11. Write the literacy growth of India.

1. At the time of Independence, there were only 12% literates.
2. In 2001, it raised to 66%
3. By 2011, it increased to 74%

12. In which year ‘Sarva Siksha Abhiyan’ launched?
In 2001

13. What is the intension of ‘Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan’?
To provide free education for children of 6-14 years.

14. ‘National Literacy Mission’ has been established in ________
1988

15. What is the aim of ‘National Literacy Mission’?
To make illiterates literates.

16. _________ program has been launched to eradicate illiteracy.
‘SaksharaBharath’

17. Through which article of our Constitution, EDUCATION is made asFUNDAMENTAL RIGHT? 

 Article 21A

18. In which year was the RIGHT TO EDUCATION (R.T.E) Act passed?

In 2009

19. Compulsory free education has been implemented for the children between 6 and 14 years through ____________

RIGHT TO EDUCATION- 2009

20. Which is one of major problems of PUBLIC LIFE of our nation?

Corruption.

21. What is Corruption?
It is an inducement TO DO WRONG BY BRIBERY OR OTHER UNLAWFUL means.

22. Departure from departure from what is right and legally correct is called ___________ Corruption.

23. Which challenge in India is politically unsound and ethically wrong?

Corruption.

24. When was the LOKAYUKTA ACT introduced?

In 1986

25. Who was the HEAD OF THE LOKAYUKTA organization?

Lokayuktha

26. When can we lodge a complaint in the Lokayukta?
If we found corruption, unnecessary delay in work, then we can lodge the complaint in Lokayukta.

27. Which is the NEW ORGANIZATION created instead of the Lokayukta?

ANTI CORRUPTION BUREAU (A.C.B)

28. “You can understand the problem of a country by getting to know the status of women there”. Who told this?

Javaharlal Nehru

29. What are the REASONS for backwardness of STATUS Of WOMEN?

1. Social System
2. Poverty
3. Illiteracy

30. WHICH DEPARTMENT has been established by the government TO IMPROVE the women education and development?

Established Department of Women and Children Development.

31. What is the MAIN FUNCTION of the Department of Women and Child Development?

Improving women’s health, education and social status.

32. What is the Karnataka Government’s program FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL WOMEN?

‘Stree Shakthi’

33. HOW MUCH RESERVATION is given to women in LOCAL GOVERNMENT of Karnataka?
33%

34. Who was the FIRST WOMEN PRIME MINISTER of India?
Indira Gandhi

35. Who was the FIRST WOMEN PRESIDENT of India?

Prathibha Singh Patil

36. Who was the FIRST WOMEN GOVERNOR of India?
Sarojini Naidu

37. Who is the FIRST WOMEN CHIEF MINISTER of India?
Suchetha Kripalani

38. What is the meaning of Economic Inequality?
Economic Inequality is refers to the WIDENING GAP BETWEEN THE POOR & THE RICH.

39. India possesses about _____ of the total land area of the world.
2.4%

40. As per 2011 Census, what is the total population of India?
121 crores.

41. What is the NEW NAME of Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD)?
Ministry of Education (MoE)

42. Which is the MOST WIDESPREAD SOCIO- ECONOMIC PROBLEM of our Country?
Poverty

43. What is POVERTY?
Poverty is a condition, when people are not able to get sufficient food, clothing, housing and other basic necessities of life.

44. What are FIVE YEAR PLANS in India are directed to? ORWhat is the aim of FIVE YEARS PLAN?

Five Years Plans in India are directed to eradicate poverty & increase percapita income.

45. What is PROFITEERING?
Profiteering means the EARNING OF EXCESS PROFITS at the cost of general public or consumers.

46. What is the MAIN REASON for undue profiteering?
UNCHECKED PRICE-RISE is the main cause of undue profiteering.

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