POEM: – ABRAHAM LINCOLN’S LETTER TO
HIS SON’S TEACHER
II. About Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln was an avid reader of poetry. As a teenager, however, Lincoln also began to cultivate an interest in writing poetry. Lincoln’s oldest surviving verses, written when he was between fifteen and seventeen years old, are brief squibs that appear in his arithmetic book. Among American heroes, Lincoln continues to have a unique appeal for his fellow countrymen and also for people of other lands. This charm derives from his remarkable life story—the rise from humble origins, the dramatic death—and from his distinctively human and humane personality as well as from his historical role as saviour of the Union and emancipator of the slaves. His relevance endures and grows especially because of his eloquence as a spokesman for democracy. In his view, the Union was worth saving not only for its own sake but because it embodied an ideal, the ideal of self-government. In recent years, the political side to Lincoln’s character and his racial views in particular, has come under close scrutiny, as scholars continue to find him a rich subject for research. The Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C., was dedicated to him on May 30, 1922.
I. Question & Answers
1. Who wrote the letter to whom?
Ans: – Mr. Abraham Lincoln wrote the letter to his son’s teacher.
2. Why did he write the letter?
Ans: – He wrote the letter to teach his son to be better and a good person.
3. What does he mean by ” a dollar earned is of far more value than five pound”?
Ans: – It means that the money and achievement that is earned by hard work is more valuable than that which you get by doing nothing.
4. Why did he request his son’s teacher to teach him to learn to lose?
Ans: – He requests his son’s teacher to teach him to learn to lose because only by losing we can know our weakness. Lose is the solution to win.
5. What did Lincoln want to see?
Ans: – He wants to see his son be a great person and have sublime faith in humankind.
6. Why did he advise not to follow the crowd?
Ans: – He advised his son to not to follow the crowd because it’s unsafe to go to a bandwagon, it is great to be different by not following others and we should create our own path.
7. What do you know about Abraham Lincoln, the famous President of America?
Ans: – Abraham Lincoln was the sixteenth President of the United States of America. He was the man who abolished slavery by Proclamation in 1863. He was shot-dead in 1865.
8. Has your father ever written any letter to your teacher?
Ans: – No, he has never written any letter to my teacher.
9. Can you imagine how much your father is worried about your future?
Ans: – Yes, like every father he is very much worried about my future. He wants it to be good at every step. So he gives proper care of my studies.
10. Why did Abraham Lincoln write a letter to his son’s teacher?
Ans: – Abraham Lincoln wrote a letter to his son’s teacher suggesting to give such an education which can make him strong with body, mind and spirit.
11. What does Lincoln mean by saying that “for every scoundrel, there is a hero; that for every selfish Politician, there is a dedicated leader…?”
Ans: – The saying is true. He means to say that there is always every scoundrel there is a hero and for every selfish Politician, there is a dedicated leader. It depends upon thinker as what he .thinks. We should consider it within our heart about the concerning man.
12. A child should be treated gently but not cuddled. Do you agree?
Give your opinion.
Ans: – Too much of love spoil the child. A child definitely needs well discipline and manner. Emersion says, “Secret of Education lies in respecting pupils.” At the time of giving education, he should be treated kindly but at his fault he must be punished. He should be treated kindly but a not at his fault.
13. “All men are not just, all men are not true.” Comment on this statement.
Ans: – The poet is right to say that all men are not just and are not true. Its human nature differs individually. Some are kind and some are rude. So Lincoln advises the teacher to teach the boy about human nature. So that he may beware of the people in Future.
14. Why do you think Lincoln wants his son to steer away from envy and learn the secret of quiet laughter?
Ans: – Lincoln wants his son to steer away from envy because envy is such a person who believes that people do not do things for good. He is not sincere. Such type of man is not social; he does every work for his sake only. Rather he wants his son that a man who remains amused the entire can tackle any situation and should enjoy laughing quietly.
15. Why does Lincoln not want his son to follow the crowd when everyone is getting on the bandwagon?
Ans: – Lincoln does not want his son to follow the crowd when everyone is getting on the bandwagon because he won’t be able to develop has personal qualities. He would not be a leader but a follower as a puppet.
16. What qualities did Lincoln want his son’s teacher to teach him?
Ans: – Lincoln wants his son’s teacher to teach him to know about different types of people and able to face different situations. He wants that he should not have ill thoughts rather he should be always in a happy mood. He wished for his son a higher and higher post. He must be self-dependent.
II. Comprehension Based Question & Answers
He will have to learn, I know, that all men are not just,
all men are not true. But teach him also that for every scoundrel there is a hero;
that for every selfish politician, there is a dedicated leader…
Teach him that for every enemy there is a friend.
It will take time, I know, but teach him, if you can,
that a dollar earned is of far more value than five found…
1. Name the poem and its poet.
Ans: – The name of the poem is “Abraham Lincoln’s letter to his son’s teacher” and the poet is Abraham Lincoln.
2. What will the pupil have to learn?
Ans: – The pupil will have to learn that all men are not just and true.
3. What does the poet advice the teacher about foe and friend?
Ans: – The poet advises the teacher to teach his pupil that for every enemy there is a friend.
4. Which earning is preferable to?
Ans: – A dollar earned honestly is better than five- pound earned otherwise.
Teach him to learn to lose… and also to enjoy winning.
Steer him away from envy, if you can,
teach him the secret of quiet laughter.
Let him learn early that
the bullies are the easiest to lick…
Teach him, if you can, the wonder of a book…
But also give him quiet time
to ponder the eternal mystery of birds in the sky,
bees in the sun, and flowers on a green hillside.
1. What are the poet’s suggestions for losing and winning?
Ans: – The poet suggests the teacher to teach to learn to lose and to enjoy winning.
2. What do you mean by envy?
Ans: – Envy means a feeling of discontent caused by ‘some else’s good fortune. The poet here asks the teacher to steer away from his son from envy.
3. What is an early lesson?
Ans: – The poet advises the teacher to give his son an early lesson that the bullies are easiest to be defeated.
4. What does the poet say about books?
Ans: – The poet thinks that there is ‘wonder in books.
5. What does the poet advice about the mystery?
Ans: – The poet advises the teacher to teach his son so he may able to think over birds in the sky. Bees in the sun and flowers on the green hillside.
In school, teach him
it is far more honorable to fail
than to cheat…
Teach him to have faith in his own ideas,
even if everyone tells him they are wrong…
Teach him to be gentle with gentle people,
and tough with the tough.
Try to give my son
the strength not to follow the crowd
when everyone is getting on the bandwagon…
1. What does the poet advice the teacher to teach the boy at school?
Ans: – It is far honourable to fail than to cheat.
2. What should he have faith in?
Ans: – He should have faith in his own ideas.
3. How should he behave with people?
Ans: – He should be gentle with the gentle and tough with the tough.
4. Find the word from the given stanza which means, “cart”.
Ans: – Wagon.
Teach him to listen to all men…
but teach him also to filter all he hears
on a screen of truth.
And take only the good that comes through.
Teach him, if you can,
how to laugh when he is sad…
Teach him there is no shame in tears.
Teach him to scoff at cynics and to beware of too much sweetness…
Teach him to sell his brawn and brain to the highest bidders,
but never to put a price tag on his heart and soul.
Teach him to close his ears to a howling mob…
and to stand and fight if he thinks he is right.
1. What does the poet advice in the first line?
Ans: – The poet advised in the first line that he should be taught to listen to all men.
2. What should he do when he is sad?
Ans: – When he is said he should learn to laugh.
3. Whom should he scoff at?
Ans: – He should be taught to scoff at cynics.
4. Whom should he sell his brawn and brain?
Ans: – He should sell his brawn and brain to the highest bidders.
5. What should be done with the howling mob?
Ans: – He should not hear it but should stand and fight if he thinks right.
Treat him gently, but do not cuddle him
because only the test of fire makes fine steel.
Let him have the courage to be impatient……
let him have the patience to be brave.
Teach him always
to have sublime faith in himself
because then he will have
Sublime faith in mankind
This is a big order.
But see what you can do…….
He is such a fine little fellow,
1. What is the suggestion of the poet?
Ans: – The poet suggests the teacher treat the boy gently but forbade caddie him.
2. How is steel made?
Ans: – When iron is made hot in fire it becomes fine steel.
3. What should he always think?
Ans: – He should always think about the sublime.
4. How is the son?
Ans: – His son is very nice.